Prison Terms Ineffective as Deterrent to Crime Essay

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In the 18th century Cesare Beccaria- an Italian philosopher, doomed the concept of torture and death penalty by introducing the term "criminology" to the world. At present, nearly all countries in the world have adopted the criminal justice system. Criminal justice consists of two tools: Law and Order. On the road to maintain Law and Order, penalty like Prison Term has been espoused. Prison Term could be defined as the length of incarceration for an offender, where the legnth varies from few days to months in a prison. It also embraces life terms in case of serious crimes like manslaughter, rape, murder, armed robbery, and kidnapping. However in the past two decades, increase in a crime rate and prisoners in incarceration indicate the failure of criminal justice. Hence, this paper wishes to argue and deliberate on the hypothesis that prison terms are ineffective as deterrent to crime. To achieve this goal, one has to understand the reason behind the establishment and role of prison term. The prison is a weapon for the criminal justice, where the criminal spends his/her sentence term. In other words it is an institution, where a felon will serve a fixed amount of time in it. Prison term depends on the crime commited by the felon. Depending on the criminals rehabilation. he/she may be eiligible for a parole or a decrease in a sentence. Usually, a felon wita a good behavior and discipline has more chances to reduce to satisfy the needs. In general, prison Term is…