Religion Is An Argument For Religion

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Religion is the belief in and worship of a superhuman or supernatural being controlling power, especially a personal God or gods (Oxford Dictionary; accessed 8th March 2015). Religion is a much talked about topic in everyday life, as there are many arguments for and against religion. The following will be a discussion critically examining the various arguments for and against Religion in society today, beginning with why it is important to Societies today. Firstly, an argument for Religion is that it helps with social integration and solidarity. For example, Islamic countries are controlled by means of theocracy (Shari’a Law). This means rule by God or the principle that religious authority should prevail over political authority, usually through the domination of church over the state (Heywood, 2013; p. 165). How this benefits society is not only that it keeps social order between people, but also provides people with a value consensus or shared values through the law and morality, differentiating between what is right and what is wrong. For instance, in Shari’a Law people may not take the lives or kill others because in Islam it is seen as wrong and criminal. An act like this is punishable by death. This is beneficial to society because its sets an example if people commit such crimes or act in order to prevent others for attempting to do them. However, the existence of Islamic fundamentalist groups could be used as an argument against this. Fundamentalism is the belief
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