The year 100 BC is when Julius Caesar was born in Rome to a well known, but not rich family. The young Caesar left Rome for military service in Asia and Cilicia. When the dictator Sulla died, he returned, and began his political career as a prosecuting advocate.He travelled to Rhodes for philosophical studies and, on the way, was kidnapped by pirates. He convinced his captors to raise his ransom, then organised a naval force, captured the pirates and put them to death.
Caesar held a number of government positions under Pompey, and was elected consul in 60 BC. In 59 BC he also became governor of Gaul and Spain. In 55 BC he attempted an invasion of Britain. Three years later, in 52 BC, he defeated a union of Gauls.After defeating his former ally, Pompey, Caesar went on to Egypt, where he involved himself in upholding the rule of Cleopatra, with whom he had a son “Caeserian”.Caesar was made dictator for life in 45 BC and was called Father of his Country. The month of Quintilis was renamed in his honour, and continues to be known as July. He was also the author of a large body of important political writings.
However, his apparent arrogance and ambition brought him great unpopularity and the suspicion of his peers. He …show more content…
His famous last words were immortalised by Shakespeare as "You too, Brutus?".A bitter power struggle broke out after his death, which led to the end of the Roman Republic. Caesar had been popular with the middle and lower classes, who became angry that he had been killed by a small number of aristocrats. They turned into a mob at Caesar's funeral and attacked the homes of Brutus and Cassius.Caesar's heir Gaius Octavian, who was his great-grand nephew, played on this discontent and raised an army to fight the troops gathered by Brutus and
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Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus was born on July 12th or 13th, 100BC into the prestigious Julius clan. He and his family were closely related to the Marion faction in Roman politics. Caesar started to progress within the Roman political system. He became a succession quaestor in 69 BC, aedile in 65 BC, and praetor in 62 BC.61-60 BC he served as governor of the Roman Province of Spain. Later in Rome in 60 BC, Caesar made a pact with Pompey and Crassus, which helped
“I love the name of honor, more than I fear death,” a quote said by one of the most famous Roman leaders named Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar was born in July 100 BC and he died on March 15, 44B.C. Caesar was a general, politician, and a dictator. Caesar was loved by many people for guiding them and providing safety for them, but he was also hated by a countless number of people. That hate ended up in him being murdered. He gave Rome hope for a better future and a promise of new land, jobs, and wealth. Caesar accomplished many things for his country like win many victories, developed the Julian calendar, and redistributed land to the poor. He used many different tactics and strategies to win his wars. Through brilliant military tactics, Julius Caesar, ruler of Rome from 49 B.C. to 44 B.C., guided the people of Italy and Rome to achieve many victories, allowing him to become a powerful ruler, hero, and inspiration and leaving a legacy that still shapes the world today.
Julius Caesar was born on July 13,100 BC. His father, a Roman official, was also named Julius Caesar. Caesars’ mother was in charge of his education. She taught him about the Roman religion, history, law, and government. He also learned, like other noble-born young men, to be a soldier. Caesar lived in the time when Rome was a republic. The senate, which is what is what the governing body was called, met in the central area of Rome. There were two different political parties in Rome patrician and pebians. Political power was in the hands of the noble, or the patrician party. The other
In the play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, William Shakespeare shows how friends often betray each other. Julius Caesar is about to be crowned king of Rome, when some well-known Romans decide that it is not a good idea for this to happen. They form a conspiracy and kill Caesar. Brutus, an honorable Roman and a very good friend of Caesar’s, betrays Caesar by killing him for the good of Rome. Antony, Caesar’s best friend and another honorable Roman, betrays Brutus by turning against the conspirators. Cassius, a respected Roman, and Brutus betray each other by arguing and destroying their friendship. All this betraying lead to many deaths in the play.
After Caesar’s victory in Gaul, he was made dictator of the Roman Empire around 47 BCE. He was the first dictator to be awarded dictatorship for life and was so adored that his birth month, July, was renamed after him. His position as dictator bestowed upon him command of the all Roman legions and provinces, financial control, foreign policy decisions and power over the Senate. He appointed a large number of his supporters to the Senate firmly establishing his control of the Roman Empire.
During his lifespan, Caesar won many battles and captured many provinces including the province of Gaul. He extended the Roman territories up to the Atlantic. He gave Roman citizenships to the people living in the provinces captured by Rome. In 55BCE Romans invaded Britain under Julius Caesar’s command. He also revived two cities, Carthage and Corinth, which had been destroyed earlier during wars. He changed and reformed the old corrupt Roman system. He expanded the senate by introducing more members. He refused the crown of the Roman King but accepted the title of ‘Imperator’ (commander). Caesar banned high interest rates and introduced many youth engaging programmes to solve the problem of unemployment and reduced crime rate. He also built many dykes to control rising water level in river
He then campaigned for consulship and was successful. Caesar then devoted most of his time in Gaul. He then became governor of Cisalpine and then Transalpine Gaul. He divorced Pompeia in 62 BC and married Calpurnia. In 58 BC, the Helvetii attempted to migrate to Central Gaul. Caesar proclaimed them as potential threats and drove them out to their homeland. The Chieftains of Gaul who now trusted Julius Caesar were afraid of Germany being a threat to them, so "in the summer of 58, after defeating the Helvetians, Caesar marched against the Germans and drove them out of Gaul."(www.history.com). After a few years, he sought to conquer Gaul and was successful and made it a Roman Province. In 54 BC, he invaded England because the prince harrassed the Romans living in Gaul. This invasion was one of his finest accomplishments yet because of the strong opposing force. Early 49 BC, his rule over Gaul was slowly coming to an end and he also began a civil war with Pompey[See Figure 3], his old associate who allied himself with a Roman senator. Caesar successfully invaded Italy and drove Pompey 's forces into Macedonia "in less than seventy days"(www.history.com). In 48 BC, Caesar then sailed Macedonia to deal the final blow but was unsuccessful which caused him to retreat to Greece where he defeated Pompey in the Battle of Pharsalus. In 47 BC, Caesar’s forces marched to Asia Minor and defeated the Pharnaces in the battle of Zela, but his glory did not stop increasing
Julius Caesar was born in 100 BC in Rome. Caesar spent most of his early years studying and participating in in Military and Political positions. Caesar advanced in the Roman political system. He was the governor of the Roman province of Spain. After making a pact with Pompey and Crassus back in Rome, he got elected as consul. The following year he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul where he stayed for eight years, adding the whole of modern France and Belgium to the Roman Empire.
Gaius Julius Caesar, more commonly known as Julius Caesar, was a Roman general, politician, and Consul in the Roman Empire. He played a major role in turning the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. He was the first Roman general to cross the Rhine River into Germania. He also conducted Rome's first invasion of Britain. Among these great achievements were how he rose to power and became one of the great dictators of Rome.
Born in July 13th, 100 BC, Julius Caesar was born into the world. Early trials such as having to lead his family as the head at the age of 16 when his father died suddenly in 85 BC. He quickly rose to power after serving in wars, and sought political power, beginning his campaigns in 59 BC. While many praises Caesar, some feared that he held too much power, and during a senate session he was assassinated by several of the senators who plotted his demise, marking the end of Julius Caesar.
Once Caesar’s wife, Cornelia, had died, he remarried to a woman named Pompeia who ironically was “a wealthy Optimate granddaughter of the Emperor Sulla.” Caesar went on to gain the support of Gnaeus Pompeius (Pompey or Pompey the Great) and become friends with Marcus Licinius Crassus, the wealthiest man in Rome, which allowed him to run for generalship and Chief Priest in 63 BC. He divorced Pompeia after finding out she cheated with another man, and moved to Spain to serve as praetor of Hispania. Caesar served as consul in the year 59 BC and with his friends Pompey and Crassus, led as the first triumvirate for 10 years. From 58 BC to 50 BC, Caesar led his Roman army to conquer Gaul, modern day France, and making him loved by his soldiers and a hero to the Roman people. He prevented Germanic attacks in his conquered lands by building walls and making a spectacle of his armies, a message the German tribes understood clearly. To finalize the conquest of Gaul in 52 BC, Caesar killed the Gallic leader Vercingetorix in the Battle of Alesia. In 50 BC Pompey, who was running the senate in Rome, ordered for Caesar and his troops to return to the capital, but Caesar refused the senate’s orders and brought his army across the Rubicon River of Italy to Rome to fight Pompey’s army in 49 BC where Pompey and his army fled. Caesar then defeated Pompey’s armies in Greece, Egypt, Asia, and
Gaius Julius Caesar was born on July 13th, 100 B.C. to a poor, Patrician family in Rome (“Julius Caesar”; Gruen 12). For most of his young life, Caesar lived in an apartment type house in one of the poorest districts in Rome. He was a strong student and studied such subjects as oratory, philosophy, and even martial arts. Coming from a family that is believed to have a long
From his birth in 99 BCE, on the 11th day of the month Quinctilus, which would later be renamed after him to July, he was an ambitious and outgoing man. It should be noted also, that he was not born into a family of incredible prestige, nor was he heir to any particular position of great importance. He was a member of the nobility, yet no more. All that he gained, he did so through his own acts of will and ambition. At an early age, he attempted to gain political power by speaking in the public Forum. This action resulted in failure for the time being, yet this defeat inspired him to study under the great Apollonius, in order to increase his eloquence of speech. Caesar immediately recognized the importance of speech, and what role it would play in his destiny. In the future, Caesar would give many speeches to the people, and gain their affection by expending great amounts of wealth in large feasts and parties. As his popularity grew, he rose in rank and eminence as well.
Julius Caesar's Middle Life was full of wars, political plotting. Caesar's first and one of the biggest political moves was when he helped Pompey take office. In 69 or 68 B.C. Caesar was elected quaestor. Shortly after this his first wife died. He then married Pompeia, a relative of Pompey. In 65 B.C. he was elected curule aedile, gaining great popularity for his gladiator games. In 62 B.C. he was elected a praetor. By this time, Caesar was making a name for himself as a political figure. He divorced Pompeia after a scandal. Caesar was made governor of Farther Spain in 61 B.C. When Julius returned to Rome in 60 B.C. he joined forces with Crassus and Pompey. In 59 B.C. Caesar was elected consul, and the year after he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul. During Caesar's first year as a governor
The Theme of Julius Caesar How suitably is the theme of the supernatural depicted in the play ‘Julius Caesar’? William Shakespeare was one of the most influential playwrights, is known today for his plays such as Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, A Midsummer Nights Dream and many other interesting and different plays.