Risks Of Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Rates Through Vegan Diets And Their Effects On Recognized Risk Factors

1908 Words Nov 16th, 2014 8 Pages
Introduction
For 96 consecutive years, heart disease has been the leading cause of death in the United States.1 The term “heart disease” encompasses multiple cardiac ailments including irregular rhythms, valve failures, coronary artery disease, and other issues.2 Coronary artery disease is the most common manifestation of heart disease and may be the most susceptible to improvement by non-medical intervention. Even though it is a complex issue involving multiple facets of genetics, physical activity, and other lifestyle choices, some of these risk factors may be altered or otherwise controlled in order to reduce mortality rates.3 This review will evaluate the possibility of reducing cardiovascular disease mortality rates through vegan diets and their effects on recognized risk factors.
Coronary Artery Disease Pathophysiology and Relationship to Diet
Coronary artery disease is an amalgam of multiple faults in regulation of inflammation, overabundance or dysfunctional metabolism of lipids, and genetic influences all further modified and/or exacerbated by conditions such as Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, diet, lack of exercise, chronic inflammation, and other factors.4, 5 The net outcome of this long-term series of events is deposition of plaques along the walls of the arteries. These plaques cause myocardial infarction when various events cause separation from the arterial wall, which causes the body to react by forming a thrombus at the site in question. This prevents…
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