Risks Of Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Mortality Rates Through Vegan Diets And Their Effects On Recognized Risk Factors
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For 96 consecutive years, heart disease has been the leading cause of death in the United States.1 The term “heart disease” encompasses multiple cardiac ailments including irregular rhythms, valve failures, coronary artery disease, and other issues.2 Coronary artery disease is the most common manifestation of heart disease and may be the most susceptible to improvement by non-medical intervention. Even though it is a complex issue involving multiple facets of genetics, physical activity, and other lifestyle choices, some of these risk factors may be altered or otherwise controlled in order to reduce mortality rates.3 This review will evaluate the possibility of reducing cardiovascular disease mortality rates through vegan…show more content… Risk factors for this disease are present in almost 50% of the American population.6 According to the United States Census Bureau, the population of the United States is currently somewhere around 319 million people. 7 If this is true, it could represent over 100 million people at risk for developing coronary artery disease in the future.
Significant Biomarkers for Heart Disease
There is an exhaustive array of biomarkers used in evaluation of coronary artery disease as evidenced by Vasan’s 37 different tests for assessment, but this multitude of tests may not be practical in clinical use and cannot explain the complexities of atherosclerosis and subsequent heart conditions.5, 8 In a study by Crowe, et al in 2013, BMI, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, total cholesterol, and other measurements were used to tabulate differences in those consuming omnivorous diets and vegetarian diets and participants were monitored over time for future heart disease occurrences.9 Although vegetarian participants were not vegan in this study, the biomarkers used for evaluation are common in many other studies as well.3, 10, 11 For the purposes of this review, we will mostly use these common biomarkers.
Characteristics of the