Robert Nesta Marley : Jamaican Reggae Singer Songwriter

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Robert Nesta Marley was a Jamaican reggae singer-songwriter. He was born in Nine Mile, Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica on 6th February, 1945. He was born to Cedella Booker and Norval Marley, a European-Jamaican. Marley attended Stepney Primary and Junior High School along with his childhood friend, Neville Livingston (now Bunny Wailer). Bob and Cedella moved to Trenchtown, Kingston when he was 12. In Trenchtown, they lived with Neville and his family as Cedella and Neville’s dad had a daughter together. Being so close Marley and Bunny (Neville) began exploring their musical taste, including R&B and Ska music. Soon after, Marley was part of a vocal group with, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Beverly Kelso and Junior Braithwaite. With help from…show more content…
The Wailers approached their former record label Island Records, about some of their song licences but instead were offered an advance of £4,000 to record what was yet to be ‘Catch A Fire’. The album was released worldwide in April 1973, initially selling 14,000 units. During this time, Marley moved in with Chris Blackwell, who Marley was signed with, in Kingston Jamaica, 56 Hope Road. This became house, office and studio for Tuff Gong Studious. The Wailers went on to support ‘Sly and the Family Stone’ in 17 of their shows in America. They were soon fired after their fourth show because they were receiving a better reception than the main acts. In 1974, the Wailers broke up because they wanted to pursue solo careers. In 1975 Marley recorded his first hit outside Jamaica, ‘No Woman No Cry’ followed by his album in the United States, ‘Rastaman Vibration’ which was in the Top 50 of the Billboard Soul Charts. On 5th Decemeber, 1976 Marley performed at a free concert ‘Smile Jamaica’. It was organised by the Jamaican Prime Minister, Michael Manley to calm tension between the political groups. Two days earlier, Marley, along with his wife and manager were shot at inside their home by unknown gunmen. Marley received minor wounds but his wife and manager were severely injured but both made full recoveries. The shooting was thought to have been politically motivated. Marley moved to England in 1977 where he recorded 2 hit albums, ‘Kaya’ and

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