The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Arabian Peninsula and Located in the southwest corner of Asia, with a total Saudi population as 2010 amounted 29,195,895 million.
The country was established in 1932 by King Abdulaziz Al Saud. The Kingdom is Monarchy under the leadership of Al Saud Family, current monetary unit is Riyal, the Kingdom is at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa.
It is surrounded by the Red Sea on the West, by Yemen and Oman on the South, the Arabian Gulf and the United Arab Emirates and Qatar on the East, and Jordan, Iraq and Kuwait on the North. Saudi Arabia 's Red Sea coastline stretches about 1,760 kilometers (1,100 miles) while its Arabian Gulf coastline roughly 560 kilometers (350 miles).
Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world 's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 87% of budget revenues, 42% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings.
The Shoura "consultative" Council
The “al-Shoura” council represents one of the ruling methods in the KSA. It acts as a very important decision making body. Despite the system of monarchy, the authorized persons in the council take into consideration the opinions of many other elite groups.
The council, situated in Riyadh, consists of 150 members appointed by
The Saudi Arabia history dated back to the early biblical days. Saudi Arabia has the land mass that covers two million square miles and the residents of this country of twenty six million people. The Islam religion has started in Saudi Arabia where the two holy areas are in Mecca and Medina mosques. Saudi Arabia has the world oil reserved that consist of seventeen percent. Ibn Saud was the first Saudi King back in 1932 when was the Kingdom was founded.
In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia is the largest arid country (Al-Ibrahim, 1991). The country covers some 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula (Al-Hamzi, 1992). The area of Saudi Arabia is 2.25 million square kilometers, equivalent (1.4) million square miles (Batayneh, 2012). The total number population in Saudi Arabia is 25.7 million (Al-Shayaa et al., 2012). Saudi Arabia climate is broiling in the summer and chilly in the winter, and Saudi Arabia does not have well-defined season. In addition, Saudi Arabia is waterless country, and it does not have rivers or lakes (Al-Shayaa et al., 2012).
Each nation has what recognizes it from different nations. Some countries differentiate in agriculture , trade and industry.Saudi Arabia which is located in the Middle East between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea has differentiate in oil. United states is Located in the Western Hemisphere on the continent of North America,it is s the fourth-biggest nation in the world differentiate in the big location that it has. There are a considerable measure of contrasts between Saudi Arabia and the United States ; however, there are couple of likenesses between
Saudi Arabia is one of the most conservative Islamic states. The Islam is the religion that dominates all aspects of the citizen’s lives. The Islamic interpretations effects the politics, economics, businesses, and communications with other nations. For instance, Saudi Arabia and The United States have different views
Governed by a monarchy, Saudi Arabia’s current prosperity can be attributed to the royal family.
Saudi Arabia is one of the countries that the weather is warm in fact my country is similar to Texas weather, but however, Saudi Arabia warmer then Texas, did you know that AlKhobar on the east coast, so the weather is absolutely humidity. Therefore, according to Wikipedia “Its average annual temperature is 33 °C (91 °F) during the day and 22 °C (72 °F) at night. In the coldest month – January, the temperature typically ranges from 12 to 22 °C (54 to 72 °F) during the day to 3 to 18 °C (37 to 64 °F) at night. In the warmest month, June, the typical
Every nation has its own unique individual identity. For many of these areas, their current condition is a blend between history and tradition. Saudi Arabia, like many others, is a perfect example of a kingdom influenced heavily by its experiences, and is also known to grow on a basis of tradition. In fact, Saudi Arabia is specifically known to adhere to one specific aspect: religion. It can be seen that this kingdom has intertwined culture and religion to dictate the rules and regulations of its people. This, in turn, navigates the political system; which ultimately results in an impact on the behavior or social construction of the populase there. For instance, a contemporary issue that is heatedly in discussion currently is about the rights of women in this kingdom.
It would be hard for the US to give more assistance to Saudi Arabia as they commit these atrocities without actually dropping the bombs themselves: the Saudis are using cluster munitions (banned by treaty in the vast majority of countries around the world) supplied to them by United States defense contractors. They’re dropping those bombs using American-made fighter jets. The US military, far from being a neutral observer, is actively providing the Saudis with intelligence and logistical assistance for their air strikes. And the US is finalizing a deal to give even more weapons to the Saudis. The Obama administration has already sold them more than $90bn of military weapons over the past five years.
The lack of unity among Arab states makes them vulnerable and usable by Europeans and the United States. The Hashemite (The House of Hasmin) aided the British to fight the Ottoman Turks in return for their own state. Although, they did not get what they hoped for, the British and the French created three countries for the Hashemite, drawing boundaries with ethnic groups that had nothing in common. For example, when the Al-Sauds created Saudi Arabia and rose to prominence, they quickly became the favorite of the West. Saudi Arabia is the private property of the Al-Saud family. The kingdom is an absolute monarchy and is ranked as the fifth most authoritarian state. Political parties are prohibited and there no elections. Saudi Arabia has a unicameral Consultative Council (parliament) that has 150 members, 30 of which are women, appointed by the monarch. No one has rights in Saudi Arabia unless you are part of the royal family and their inner circle such as the Bin Laden. “Breaking allegiance with the king” and peaceful activism will lead to an individual being jailed and fined. The Human Right Watch Organization has recorded countless human rights violation in the kingdom. Despite the Saudis’ abysmal records on human rights and authoritarian government, they are highly favored by the
This unitary Islamic absolute monarchy “possesses 18 per cent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves and ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum” (OPEC, 2015), also is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. The oil production is responsible for about 50% of the Gross Domestic Product, and about 85% of export earnings (OPEC). Although it is the world’s greatest exporter, its GDP per capita is only $24,454. Saudi Arabia ranks weakly on the Human Development Index as number 59 of the 182 states in the world, and it is only number 8 between the other MENA countries. Although Saudi Arabia’s elite is very wealthy and large, a great portion of the population barely receives profits from the state's wealth. It is ranked as not free relating to civil liberties and also ranked as suffering hard from corruption. Also, the political parties in Saudi Arabia are banned, and political organizations that oppose may only exist outside the country (Freedom House, 2015). Even before the discovery of oil, the family that was in power depended on the merchants of Jeddah, a Saudi Arabian city, to collect their taxes. When oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia, that is when the country started to develop, just like the United Arab Emirates. It can be said that if a country has strong institutions, stable economy, and a flexible political system, they
Saudi Arabia is the 13th largest country in the world and has a population of 27,752,316 as of July 2015 according to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The majority of citizens are Sunni at 85-90% and 10-15% are Shia. According to OPEC, Saudi Arabia has 22.1% of the worlds proven oil reserves. The 2nd largest oil reverses in the world, only second to Venezuela. Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 87% of budget revenues, 42% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. 2014
Saudi Arabia considers itself to be the Protector of Islam as they contain Mecca and Medina as well as oversee the Hajj. The Sunnis are the dominate form of Islam in Saudi and its main branch is called Wahhabism. It is a very strict form of Islam that is based on the literal interpretation of the Qur’an and allows for no other versions of Islam, like Shiism (StevenAU 2004). Iran has long been defined as the central power of Shiism especially following the 1979 Islamic revolution. Both nations are capable of polarizing the Middle East. The Saudis are allied with other Gulf monarchies, Jordan, parts of Northern Africa, and Morocco under Sunni guidance. Iran is connected to Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and involved with groups
Saudi Arabia has developed into a wealthy nation over the last 30 years due to the export of oil to other countries around the world (Sullivan, 2013). The
Israel and Saudi Arabia are two countries in close proximity to each other, yet seem to be different in almost every metric. Saudi Arabia has a $744 Billion GDP, while Israel only $290 Billion (The World Bank), yet when breaking the GDP into GDP per capita, Saudi Arabia lags behind Israel at with a GDP per capita of $25, 961 whereas Israel is at $36,051. Israel and Saudi Arabia both became economic powerhouses of the Middle East, while remaining vastly different from each other in terms of their institutions. Their histories are unique, illustrating various ways a country can develop.
Yemen is located in the Middle East situated towards the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen shares its borders with Saudi Arabia, The Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden and Oman. Yemen is a developing country currently succumbing to civil unrest as well as suffering from severe economic stagnation. Yemen has been in serious conflict since 2015. Armed militia and a Saudi led government offensive have been warring throughout the country causing tremendous humanitarian need.