Schizophrenia is a “serious mental disorder characterised by severe disruptions in psychological functioning and a loss of contact with reality” (Meldrum & Wilson, 2009). The main question that arises from the many studies looking at schizophrenia and violence is does schizophrenia itself make an individual violent or are there other factors from the mental illness that contribute to this? According to Fazel, Guati, Linsell, Geddes and Grahn (2009), before the 1980’s many people made no connection between the disorder of schizophrenia and being violent. However, since more in depth and large research studies has been carried out to look at this connection, it has now been proven that there is a relationship between schizophrenia and violence.
Schizophrenia can either be interpreted as a unitary disorder with various sub-types or as a disorder where each sub-type represents a distinct order. The DSM-IV-TR identifies four types of schizophrenia: undiferential, catatonic, disorganised and paranoid (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). To be diagnosed with schizophrenia, two diagnostic criteria’s have to be met within most of the time in one month, and they must have an impact on the individual’s occupational or social functioning for at least six months. The individual could be suffering from delusions, hallucinations or disorganized speech. Additional symptoms can include negative symptoms and severely disorganized or cationic behaviour (American Psychiatric Association,
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The person I chose came from a famous novel and has schizophrenia. According to Mayo Clinic “Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior. Contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia is not a split personality or multiple personality. The word "schizophrenia" does mean "split mind," but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking. Schizophrenia is a chronic condition, requiring lifelong treatment.”(Schizophrenia, August 2014). The individual would start showing signs of reduced pleasure in life, difficulty participating in activities, barely speaking,
Many people today believe they are experts on schizophrenia due to hollywood titles such as 1948 blockbuster The Snake Pit or the 2001 hit A Beautiful Mind. However, many people do not know the cause, the symptoms, or the experiences people who suffer from schizophrenia face. Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder characterized by a split between thought and emotion where a person has difficulty distinguishing whether altered thoughts, perceptions, & conscious experiences are real versus imagined (Grison, Heatherton, and Gazzaniga, 2015, p. 518).
Schizophrenia is classified as a psychotic disorder. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, in order to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, an individual must present two (or more) of the following symptoms for a significant portion of time during a one-month period: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior, or negative symptoms (such as diminished emotional expression or avolition). The DSM-5, however, has a continuum (schizophrenia spectrum) of disorders that may be similar to schizophrenia disorder but not as severe or persistent.
Schizophrenia is a mental psychotic disorder that diminishes the ability to distinguish reality from fantasy. Schizophrenia ranges from Type I, which are positive symptoms caused by an excess of functions to Type II, which are negative symptoms caused by a loss of functions within the brain. Subtypes range from Paranoid to Disorganized schizophrenia. A wide variety of factors can provoke anyone of these variations of schizophrenia, such as genes, an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, the death of a loved one, or even stress. Symptoms of Type I Paranoid Schizophrenia include delusions and auditory hallucinations, which revolve around them. According to 21st Century Psychology, "Anger, detachment, anxiety, argumentativeness, and a patronizing tone accompany paranoid schizophrenia" (302). The prince also has symptoms that complement paranoid schizophrenia, such as disorganized speech, thinking and behavior. In Hamlet 's case, grief caused by the death of his father provokes stress-induced Type I Paranoid Schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia is a life-long disorder that affects about one percent of the population (Mueser & McGurk, 2004). The cause of this mental illness is still unclear. Studies have suggested that Schizophrenia does not arise from one factor but from a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors (Liddle, 1987). People diagnosed with Schizophrenia struggle to deal with a multitude of symptoms that make it difficult to function (Mueser & McGurk, 2004). Antipsychotic medications are a popular treatment of the symptoms of Schizophrenia (Mueser & McGurk, 2004). Research is constantly being done to develop these medications to enhance the quality of life of those diagnosed with Schizophrenia.
A common mistaken belief is that people with schizophrenia have multiple personalities. Many people confuse schizophrenia with 'split personality' or 'multiple personality disorder' (Lilienfeld et al, 2010). The misunderstanding stems from the meaning of the word schizophrenia, as in Greek it means 'split mind' (Boruck, 2008). In 1990, Carlson proposed “schizophrenia is probably the most misused psychological term in existence” . Vaughan (1977), performed a study which found that 77% of students who registered for introductory psychology classes supported the myth about schizophrenics having a split personality. Although, more recent studies have suggested lower support for the myth as 50% of college students, 40% of police officers and almost 50% of those in the community agreed with the myth (Stuart & Arboleda-Florez, 2001; Wahl, 1987). Not only does this belief occur among the general population but it is also present in scientific journals. For example, Drummer's (2003) medical journal subtitled "The dermatologist's schizophrenic attitude towards pigmented lesions". As well as this, Shastry (1999) wrote in a journal schizophrenia is also known as split personality. Therefore terminological confusion seems to be one reason for this myth being common.
It is every person worse fear to find out that a family member or someone whom you care deeply about is suffering from schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can be described as a psychotic brain disorder that affects a person able to think clearly. Not only that, it also has an effect on how a person communicates with other people. This psychotic disease will cause a schizophrenia person to not have controlled over their emotions, seeing things that are not there, have trouble making important decisions for their selves, and just not be able to adapt in society. According to Barlow and Durand, schizophrenia has a complex syndrome that inevitably has a devastating effect on the lives of the person affected and on family members as well (Barlow and Durand).
According to World Health Organization schizophrenia is listed as the second highest contributor to overall burden of diseases. Schizophrenia is one of the most tragic diseases a human being can be afflicted with. The disorder involves disturbances in perception, thought, behavior, language, emotion and communication. The onset of symptoms begins most commonly in people who fall in the category of late teens to early twenties. In the United States alone one half to two and a half percent of the population are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Numerous studies have found,
Schizophrenia is characterised by hallucinations, delusions, disorganised speech and behaviour, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. these type of symptoms must have been present for six months and have to include at least one month of active symptoms. DSM-5 raises the symptom threshold, requiring that an individual exhibit at least two of the specified symptoms. For example, catatonia will be used as a specifier for schizophrenia and other psychotic conditions such as schizoaffective disorder. This specifier can also be used in other disorder areas such as bipolar disorders and major depressive disorder.
Imagine yourself having an obsessive thought that a ghost was hunting you down like a jaguar hunting its prey so he could strap you up nice and tight to a gurney similar to mental patients when they act out in aggression and must be detained similar to a violent creature. Unlike the jaguar who has the instinct to go for the killing blow you believe this serial killer is going to rip out your teeth one by one, then peel off your skin meticulously for the sole purpose of getting all of it in one piece because he simply enjoys it. After, he slowly saws your head off with a rusty hand saw killing you. This is an
It states that “To be diagnosed with schizophrenia, two diagnostic criteria have to be met over much of the time of a period of at least one month, with a significant impact on social or occupational functioning for at least six months. The person had to be suffering from delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. A second symptom could be negative symptoms, or severely disorganized or catatonic behaviour” (Schizophrenia, 2018). There are also many different types of Schizophrenia. These include Paranoid, Disorganized, Catatonic, Undifferentiated, and Residual. The most common form being Paranoid Schizophrenia. It is also very important to make sure that it is diagnosed correctly. There are other types of mental disorders with similar symptoms that could not be diagnosed as Schizophrenia. Some of these are borderline personality disorder, social anxiety disorder, and
“Schizophrenia is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behaviour, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction. For a diagnosis, symptoms must have been present for six months and include at least one month of active symptoms” (American Psychiatric Association 2013).
Schizophrenia is described by dissolution of thinking processes and emotional responsiveness. It is most frequently manifested through delusions, auditory hallucinations, disorganized thinking and speech, and paranoid delusions and may affect social or occupational functioning depending on symptoms and severity. The immense majority of individuals with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others. The disorder is not triggered by childhood experiences, deprived parenting or self-control deficiency, nor is the symptoms identical for each schizophrenic. Therapy and medical treatment can benefit those