Schizophrenia Disorder Among Male Inmate Population Essay

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The focus of this paper is schizophrenia disorder among male inmate population. There are many unanswered questions about schizophrenia disorder in spite of countless studies. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) estimated the lifetime prevalence of schizophrenia to be between 0.3 - 0.7% (APA, 2013). Inmate population is chosen because psychotic experiences and behaviors often result in criminal charges. The prevalence of schizophrenia in the U.S. prisons is 2 - 6.5% (Prins, 2014). The male inmate population is selected because it constitutes the great majority (93.3%) of inmates (https://www.bop.gov), the incidence rate of negative symptoms is higher, and the duration of symptoms is longer among males (APA, 2013). Thus, examining appropriate assessments, treatments, and multicultural issues within this population presents great interest. As the APA has moved from the Fourth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) to a reviewed and improved Fifth Edition (DSM-5), the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia were modified. The five subtypes (paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, residual) that previous version of DSM employed were excluded for its poor reliability and inability to predict the development and outcome of the disorder. DSM-5 no longer uses the subtypes of schizophrenia but rather focuses on clinical symptoms in the hope that it will help to get better understanding of the etiology of the disorder. It is now required that at least
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