Synoptic Problem

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The synoptic problem
The first three books of the New Testament which are Matthew, Mark and Luke are compared, and it is discovered that they look similar to one another in content and expression. As a result they a referred to as the synoptic gospels. The word “synoptic” basically means “to see together with a common view”. This raises the question of why they are similar to one another in these respects. This is known as the synoptic problem.

The many similarities between the synoptic gospels have led some to wonder if the gospel authors had a common source, another written account of Christ’s birth, life, ministry, death, and resurrection from which they obtained the material for their gospels. Some argue that Matthew, Mark, and Luke
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Mark`s fast moving account presents Jesus as a man of action, the son of God who was a servant among men. Luke is in inquisitive Greek literary style, seems to address cultured Gentiles and shows Jesus as a friend of disadvantaged groups. Attempts to account for both similarities and differences within the three Gospels constitute the synoptic problem.

Matthew is the author of the first Gospel and is an eye witness to the events that occurred during approximately the last half of Jesus` ministry. He was one of the twelve apostles who followed Jesus and was commissioned by him. His account is second to that only of Luke. He groups events in topical order and as a result his account often deviates from a strict chronological order. He is pre-eminently the reporter of Jesus` sermons and other discourses such as the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), the instruction given to the twelve apostles (Matthew 16), the sermon on the sea (Matthew 13) and the last preaching in the temple (Matthew 21).
Mark is not an eye witness of the events he describes in his writings and he even quotes Isaiah and is also a close associate of the apostle Peter one of the twelve. He narrates what he heard from the lips of Peter the apostle. His purpose was to report what Jesus did and not what he said and therefore teaches that Jesus is a man of action. He called it, “a brief of our Lord`s biography” because of lack of the exact term. He follows much of a chronological precise than that of
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