Technology Transfers: Developing Renewable Energy Sources Essay

1748 Words 7 Pages
Technology Transfers: Putting Theory into Practice


Climate change is an increasingly demanding issue as global population continues to grow, energy sources are being depleted and cooperation between actors to take action is often difficult to enforce. Renewable energy is a growing technology. With the depletion of fossil fuels as well as increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel burning, energy dependency will have to shift to renewable technologies such as solar photovoltaic, wind, hydroelectric and geothermal. Unfortunately, these technologies are expensive and building new or altering old plants to allow for their use is costly. Because developing countries are in transition and have a growing energy demand
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These projects must transfer cleaner technology as well as foster sustainable development in Non Annex I countries. In Joint Implementation, both countries participating are committed to reductions under the Protocol (Cullet, 175).

Flexible mechanisms lessen the financial burden of lowering emissions for Annex I countries and also involve developing nations in the international effort to reduce greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Non- Annex I countries must be begin to adhere to the emission regulations of the Kyoto Protocol. In theory, technology transfers through Cleaner Development Mechanisms and Joint Implementations are an effective way to introduce cleaner technology, aiding both developing and developed countries; developing countries gain new knowledge and different techniques to shift their dependency away from nonrenewable energy sources and developed countries adhere to Kyoto provisions.

This exchange is necessary and appears to be flawless, yet such transfers must be closely regulated to ensure the livelihoods of the people in developing nations rather than the economic benefits such actions will have for private corporations. Economic and social security must be granted to the developing countries in order for this mechanism to be followed and agreed upon. Technology transfers under the Kyoto Protocol further define the division between the North and the South and may…