The And Policy Talks, The Ecological Crisis

958 WordsNov 9, 20154 Pages
Environmental Movement Proliferation In the academia and policy talks, the ecological crisis has turned into a well-established topic (Yearley, 1992). The rise of environmental politics in the 1960s was mainly driven by environmental movements and a resurgent global civil society. Jamison (1996), notedthat the movement focussed on creating awareness throughout the 1960s. For instance, the publication of Silent Spring by Rachel Carlson (1962), Paul Ehrlich’s The Population Bomb (1968) and Garrett Hardin’s Tragedy of the Commons (1968) focused public attention to the issue, and made the idea of ecological limits popular. This period also saw the creation of environmentalNon-government Organizations ( NGOs) focusing on the protection of the environment such the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In the 1970s, the environmental movement became a political concern and entered the phase of organisation and institutionalisation (Jamison, 1996). For example, one of the 130 outcomes is the implementation of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) after the Stockholm conference, and the establishment of the transnational environmental group Greenpeace. There was also a growth of alternative holistic visions of the nature-society relationship, likeGoldsmith’s Blueprint for survival (1972). This was underpinned by the rising recognition of the Limits to Growth (Meadows et al., 1972). The environmental movement
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