The Battle Of The Little Bighorn

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This battle analysis methodically examines one of the most famous battles of the American frontier during the country’s growth westward: the Battle of the Little Bighorn, also known as The Greasy Grass to the American Indians. It took place along the Little Bighorn River in what is now the state of Montana. The battle was fought during a sweltering summer day on June 25, 1876 between the United States Army’s Seventh Calvary Regiment led by Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer and the Sioux and Cheyenne American Indian tribes led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. The significant history leading up to this fantastic battle and all aspects of the opposing forces such as command and control, composition, and strategic and operational tactics…show more content…
A Sioux warrior named Red Cloud lead a deception party that ambushed and killed eighty-one soldiers and civilians on December 21, 1866 at Fort Kearny. This attack sparked national outrage and demands for revenge against all American Indians. The year that followed saw Army victories at a few battles but ultimately the Bozeman Trail and its three forts were abandoned after the Army conceded to the American Indians. The United States government officially formalized the surrender of the three Bozeman Trail forts and the trail itself with the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. Another extremely important event that contributed to the culminating battle along the Little Bighorn River was the Battle of the Washita on November 27, 1868. Lieutenant Colonel Custer was engaged in war with the Southern Cheyenne in Kansas and into the Indian Territory, present day Oklahoma, when he came upon the camp of a Cheyenne Chief by the name of Black Kettle. Custer and the 7th Calvary Regiment launched a successful dawn attack on the camp. Estimates vary greatly but the general consensus is that almost all of the Cheyenne killed on November 27, 1868 were old men, women, and children. The immediate results of this battle were deep resentment and hatred of the whites by the American Indians who considered the battle to be a massacre. The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 led to continuous conflict
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