The Civil War : A Bloody War Ever Fought

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The American Civil War, also known in the United States as just the Civil War, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the thirty four states in 1861, seven Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states. Even though they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union, or the North. The Civil War was a vicious competition marked by the ferocity and frequency of battle. Over four years, 237 named battles were fought, which were often characterized by their bitter saturation and high casualties. The Civil War was named one of the most “ferocious war ever fought". Although the Civil War was detrimental to the nation’s population, it was worth its economic, social, and political costs due to newly found independence of former slaves, an improved economy, and the introduction of the political rights of freedmen.
The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of war, which had left around 750,000 Americans, Union and Confederate, dead and had destroyed much of the South 's infrastructure,

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