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The Criminal Justice System

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The purpose of the criminal justice system is explained by three definitions: Control crime, Prevent crime, and provide and maintain justice. This sense of criminal justice has been the same since pre-civilized communities, where the elders of a tribe enforced the laws of the village. The criminal justice system has changed drastically from the times of kinship systems to today’s system of laws. As time has passed criminal justice has change in many ways, for example: the way they dress, arrest, and investigate. With all these changes through the centuries, there are a few qualities that has been consistent through the years and that is the desire to serve justice and provide safety to the people.
During the colonial period was a time
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The United States criminal justice system gets its model of justice based on our London roots. Henry Fielding founded the Bow Street Runners in 1749; this organization was the leading law enforcement organization of its time. Henry Fielding “Responded to the threat of violence on the streets and the highways leading into the metropolis by bringing together the first body of officers dedicated to catching and prosecuting offenders” (Emsley, 2006, p.17). “In 1829, British Prime Minister Robert Peel forms the first modern police force, the London Metropolitan Police Force” (Criminal Justice, 2011). The one thousand-member forces, known as Bobbies, organized itself around Peel’s principles of policing. Still to this day, every organization uses the same principles of Sir Robert Peel. Law Enforcement uses these principles as their core morals and values of policing and serves as a basic code of ethics: “Principle 1: The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder. Principle 2: The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions. Principle 3: Police must secure the willing cooperation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public. Principle 4: The degree of cooperation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force. Principle 5: Police seek and preserve public favor
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