The Criminal Justice System Within The United States

2357 Words May 9th, 2016 10 Pages
The criminal justice system is a set of agencies and process that have been established to control crime and impose punishment on those who violate them. They aide in apprehending, prosecuting, defending, sentencing, and punishing individuals who have been convicted of a crim. There is no one criminal justice system in the United States but many individual systems. The way they work depends on the jurisdiction in which they exist. The laws are different in different types of jurisdiction. The different types of jurisdictions are state, county, state, federal and tribal government, and military installations. The main systems are state and federal. State systems handle offenses that occur within state boundaries and federal systems handle offense that occur in more than one state or on federal property (land owned by the federal government). Most criminal justice systems consist of 5 components. These components include law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, courts, and corrections. Each play a major role in the criminal justice system. Understanding the criminal justice system is essential in ensuring that you know and understand your rights. This paper will discuss the history, each of the components, problems within the system (corruption), and its overall function.

The History Imprisonment can be dated as far back as the colonial period. During that time, two institutions existed, jails or prisons and warehouses. Combined, they later produced the prison…
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