The Cruelty of Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

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The Cruelty of Animal Testing and the Need for Alternative Methods In his book Inhumane Society: The American Way of Exploiting Animals, Dr. Michael W. Fox estimates that twenty-five to thirty-five million animals are used in the United States each year for laboratory testing and research (58). Research involving tests done on animals is unnecessary and cruel. More humane methods of research need to be employed. Fox states that animal tests on cosmetics and household products are nothing more than a "public relations campaign to dispel public concern and give a false sense of security" (61). Laboratory animals are needlessly exploited and made to suffer cruelly in the name of research and testing. Fox also states that most…show more content…
This substance could be anything from mascara to oven cleaner. The rabbit's eyes are kept clamped open during this painful process and usually no anesthesia is administered to the animal. Rabbits are then examined periodically for a period of days or weeks. Reactions, which range from inflammation and clouding of the cornea to rupturing of the eyeball, are recorded. The rabbits that survive the Draize test are then used for skin irritancy tests (27). Sequoia states several important reasons why the Draize test should not be used anymore. Rabbit eyes and human eyes are not the same. Therefore, substances that are damaging to a rabbit's eye may not be toxic to a human's. Similarly, substances that are very irritating to human eyes may have no effect on a rabbit's eyes. This test is also difficult to reproduce, and results vary from laboratory to laboratory (28). Sequoia gives several alternatives to the Draize test. One is called the EYETEX System, which is used to determine the eye irritancy of specimens ranging from toothpaste to paint. This system is rapid, easy to perform, objective, reproducible, and inexpensive. It is almost ninety percent cheaper than the Draize test (28-29). Another alternative to the Draize test Sequoia mentioned is called the Agarose Diffusion Method; it has been used for testing the safety of plastics and other synthetic materials that come in

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