Case Study #3: The Democrat and The Dictator Quite obviously, in Hitler’s Proclamation to the German Nation of 1933, he addresses one of the issue he believes to be the root cause of Germany’s problems. He states, “More than fourteen years have passed since the unhappy day when the German people, blinded by promises from foes at home and abroad, lost touch with honor and freedom, thereby losing all” (p 1). He goes on to say, “We never received the equality and fraternity we had been promised, and we lost our liberty to boot. For when our nation lost its political place in the world, it soon lost its unity of spirit and will” (p 1). Fourteen years ago would have been 1918, the end of World War I, followed then by the Treaty of Versailles. …show more content…
Social duties to care for the old and sick. In terms of foreign policy, their plan was to secure their right to live and the restore their freedom (from the failed Treaty?) and win their equal rights. Roosevelt claims to be able to deal with unemployment, banking, agriculture, foreign policy by stating, “it can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself”, “with strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments” (p 3). “It can be helped by” raising the value of agricultural products and “make better use of the land”, preventing growing loss of foreclosures on properties, by insisting that Federal, State, and local government lower their costs, unifying of relief activities, national planning and supervision of all forms of transportation and of communications and other utilities. “We must act and act quickly” (p 3). Roosevelt wants to maintain relationships with our “neighbors” in order to secure our interdependence in foreign trade but foreign exchange comes “secondary to the establishment of a sound national economy”. Basically, he wants us to fix our problems at home first. I believe each wanted to be a leader above the rest, each had a huge challenge placed before them. Each of their addresses to their nations recognized God. Each made similar promises to his people of creating jobs and making money. Both took over their perspective nations just a month apart from each other, in the same year
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After Germany’s humiliating defeat in World War I, Germans had little faith in their government, and in the early 1930s following the stock market crash in New York, Germany was economically struggling . Millions of people were out of work due to the world wide catastrophe making it an opportune time for Hitler and the Nazis to rise into power. Hitler, who was a powerful and spellbinding speaker, attracted Germans desperate for change. He promised to make Germany a better country and promised the disenchanted, a better life. Nazis appealed especially to the youth, unemployed, and members of the lower to middle class. Hitler’s rise to power seemed instantaneous. Before the economic depression, Nazis were virtually unknown, winning less than 3 percent of the vote to the Reichstag, which was the German Parliament. However, in the 1924 elections, the Nazis won a whopping 33 percent of the votes which was more than any other party. In January of 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor, the head of German Government . The Germans were convinced that they had found a savior for the Nation. The timing of his rise made it very easy for Hitler to gain power in a democratic government because people were hopeless and wanted a fast solution to the deficit. He promised things like a stronger economy, prosperity, and anything that they desired . He focused on first getting noticed and then grew from there. He didn’t say anything but what the people wanted to hear. Getting the people of Germany to trust him was how he started to gain so much control. Unfortunately, Hitler’s charm and persuasion was not the sole reason why Hitler gained so much power in a democratic
With incompetent leadership and an unhappy nation, the German people began to realize that their country was in a vulnerable situation and began to look for stable alternatives to democracy. Hitler’s
There was need of new policies and things that would bring the country to stable economy. After there was a huge decrease in the stock market, there had been a time where millions of people were without jobs and fully depended on the government and also there was many bank failures and homelessness. In such a tough time Roosevelt stood his ground and helped the nation by taking the emergency measures at an instant. Despite working so hard the New Deal was often criticized as unprincipled and inconsistent. The New Deal was considered elitist as it had missed to consult the poor people about the legislation they wanted. As Roosevelt tried to save the large-scale corporate capitalism the other historian summed it up that the New Deal was an absolute failure and couldn’t solve the problem of depression, it couldn’t redistribute the income or extend equality or decrease the racial discrimination and segregation. Roosevelt took help from the university professors and experts as advisers who gave him ideas and helped him with the speeches. Roosevelt transferred the authority of the stock exchange from Wall Street to the Washington and the regulatory powers were increased of the Securities and Exchange
Imagine being in charge of a nation that has so little money families are splitting up in search of work and many are losing their jobs and becoming homeless. This was the situation President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was facing at the beginning of the 1930s. He and his administration had to come up with a plan to end the depression and rebuild the economy before the fragile country crumbled even more. While some of their responses to the American Great Depression were more effective than others, they all impacted the nation in a positive way and changed the role of the federal government for the better.
21.2). How did the goals and reform agenda of the Progressive Era manifest themselves during the presidential administrations of Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson?
Roosevelt. This World War One navy veteran saw the troubles that the United States was going through, (document 5) and promised a ‘New Deal’. During his run in office, he had three goals: Relief for the unemployed, repair the economy, and reforms to prevent another depression (the three R’s). The first thing Roosevelt did was fix the banking system. He knew that without stable banks, money would not be able to start flowing in the economy anymore. He ordered and ‘Bank Holiday’ and went through to all the banks making sure they were financially stable, and shut down the ones that were not. The nation soon had faith in Roosevelt and quickly saw brighter days ahead. Roosevelt provided relief for the unemployed through the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the Works Progress Administration. Both hired unemployed civilians to work building parks, playgrounds, hospitals, schools, etc. Roosevelt also provided recovery to the industry and farmers. He passed acts such as the National Industrial Recovery Act, and the Agricultural Adjustment Act. He paid farmers to start planting a variety of crop instead of competing in prices for the same product. He also provided long-term reforms and has so far prevented another depression through acts such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Social Security
Preceding the Great Depression, the United States went through a glorious age of prosperity, with a booming market, social changes, and urbanization; America was changing. At the end of the 1920’s and well through the 1930’s, America was faced with its greatest challenge yet; the 1929 stock market crash. It would be the end of the prosperity of the “Roaring Twenties”. Now the American government and its citizens were faced with a failing economy. President Herbert Hoover was clueless to how to approach the problem. Hoover believed that government works best when it governs less, and should not intervene in the economy. Traditionally, he stayed out the issue hoping that the economy would fix itself; it didn’t. Hoover’s inaction makes his presidency look ineffective as if he caused the Great Depression. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) succeeded Hoover as president. Like Hoover, FDR didn’t know exactly how to help the economy. Unlike Hoover, FDR introduced experimental ideas and programs to help solve the issue. These ideas and programs would become a part of Roosevelt 's policies known as the New Deal which sought to fix America’s economic struggles. Despite short term successes, the New Deal implemented during the 1930 's by FDR did not lift the United States out of the Great Depression. Instead by intervening in the economy, and creating huge debt, the New Deal prolonged the Great Depression.
He started his audience with a statement about fear. His statement was, “…let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” He then hints that all other times the United States had been in “trouble” in their national life that a leadership has come up and been supported by the people. Then, Roosevelt went on to say that this support was essential to victory and that he hoped he could also get that support. He noticed many people needed to put to work and even proposed the idea that the Government directly recruit people (like in time of war) and that through the employment the country would also accomplish projects to reutilize the natural resources. Then, in hopes to keep from getting “in the same boat” or in trouble again he thought they needed to implement two safeguards for strict supervision of all banking and credits and
President Franklin D. Roosevelt tried the solve the problems if fear, chaos, hysteria, and decline of the American economy that came with the Great Depression. Roosevelt used relief, reform, and recovery to help the people. His plan was the “New Deal” which is seen as controversial. Although Roosevelt worked hard to improve the lives of American, there were still negative interactions between the different races and classes of the time.
"No business which depends for existence on paying less than living wages to its workers has any right to continue in this country," - Franklin D. Roosevelt ("Thinkexist.com"). In the middle of the deepest economic recession in the history of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt took office and did everything in his power to try and turn the country around. Roosevelt was a very intelligent man and the country believed he would lead them out of the Great Depression (Brinkley). Roosevelt inspired the nation to make drastic changes during the Great Depression with his extensive knowledge, understanding of the people's suffering, and new government reforms.
FDR does not beat around the bush when it comes to what has been happening in America for the past three years. In the second paragraph of his speech he states “Only a foolish optimist can deny the dark realities of the moment” (Inaugural Address). He does this so that the audience sees his realization of the issue facing America and that he will not stand to watch it continue. The audience he is addressing are the American people affected by the depression that want change to happen. The first step in fixing something is recognizing that there is a problem which Roosevelt does and does well. He states the goal of his presidency being “Our greatest primary task is to put people to work”(Inaugural Address). Not only does he state his goals he has actual evidence of how he plans to complete them. “It can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting by the Government itself, treating the task as we should treat the emergency of a war but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our natural resources.” Him backing up this claim with reason helps the audience gain some trust within him seeing that he has a plan. He continues doing this throughout his speech making his speech more
The traditional view of Franklin D. Roosevelt is that he motivated and helped the United States during the “Great Depression” and was a great president, however, as time has passed, economist historians have begun analyzing Roosevelt’s presidency. Many have concluded that he did not help America during the Great Depression but instead amplified and prolonged the depression. Jim Powell wrote about FDR economic policies and did an excellent job explaining Roosevelt’s incompetent initiatives. Roosevelt did not know anything about economics and his advisors made everything worse by admiring the Soviet Union.
He thinks Roosevelt did not help to restore American economy, rather, he changes it to what the economic system was like in Europe before WWI, in which government controlled everything (business, taxes, and borrow money from citizens to invest). He believed Roosevelt did not create a new economy, he simply just substituted with an old one which was a threat to American traditional (private system) economy. He also thinks the New Deal made the country in huge debt ($19 billion before Roosevelt, $250 billion after Roosevelt, and government budget of $40 billion instead of $4 billion before Roosevelt). He used examples like the doubled-prices-inflation and how it reduced the lower-paid employed workers to a state of poverty as bad as that of the unemployed in the depression to show how the New Deal is hurting the economy. He also talked about how more people are on various kinds of government relief than when the country had 11 million unemployed, and how bureaucrats are in every field of life. With all that, he argued, the President and his policies is still calling for more power, more price-fixing, more regulation, and more billions. Same thing with the political, he thinks Roosevelt did not restore the political system to its full strength, he changed it instead. He uses examples like how he is trying to break down the power of Congress and put it all in his own hand. In conclusion,
After the Depression Hoover had some strategies he used to try and fix the economy, but they did not play out as smoothly as he would have liked them too. Roosevelt 's approach to fix the economy was more uplifting to the people in almost every aspect. Even their campaign songs, Roosevelt’s was about Happy Days coming again, and Hoover’s was about the depression. Roosevelt proposed a “New Deal” to the people and manny clung to it. His deal was that he was going to start experimenting with government roles. WHat he means by this is that he promises to increase government help and use the power of the government to address the people’s issues. Although, he did not explain how he was going to fix things such as unemployment and and improving the stock market in
The rise and subsequent take-over of power in Germany by Hitler and the Nazi Party in the early 1930s was the culmination and continuation not of Enlightenment thought from the 18th and 19th century but the logical conclusion of unstable and cultural conditions that pre-existed in Germany. Hitler’s Nazi Party’s clear manipulation of the weak state of the Weimar Republic through its continued failure economically and socially, plus its undermining of popular support through the signing the Treaty of Versailles all lead to the creation of a Nazi dictatorship under the cult of personality of Hitler. This clear take-over of power and subsequent destruction of any