The Disparities Among Minority Inmates in the American Prison System

2239 Words Jan 30th, 2018 9 Pages
Introduction The National Council on Crime and Delinquency reports that of all arrests that 28% of arrests, 40% of all inmates held in jails and prisons, and 42% of the population on death row is comprised by 13% of the general population in the United States, which is specifically that of African Americans. While white individuals comprise 67% of the total population in the United States and 67% of all arrests only 40% of the inmates in local jails and state prisons are white individuals and only 56% of the population on death row are white individuals. This means that there is an overrepresentation of racial minorities in the criminal justice system of the United States. This is referred to as 'disproportionate minority contact' or 'DMC'. (Hartney and Vuong, 2009, p.1)
I. Arrests of African Americans The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (2009) report states that African Americans were arrested at a rate 2.5 higher than were whites. In addition, African Americans are reported to have been arrested for violent and drug offenses at a rate 3.5 times higher than were whites for the same offenses. African Americans are reported to have been arrested more than 6 times the rate for white individuals for the crimes of "murder, robbery, and gambling and were…