The Effects Of Territorial Control During The Rhodesian Bush War

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Territorial control during the Rhodesian Bush War and the violence that takes place in each zone did not change dramatically during the war. The rebel movements had freedom of maneuver and effective control inside Mozambique and Zambia, but the Rhodesians would launch cross-border raids to strike camps when the opportunity presented itself. The tribal frontier areas were where the majority of the fighting and violence against local populations took place, with neither party in the conflict ever gaining effective control. The cities and the core areas of the country remained under the control of government forces, with periodic attacks perpetrated by insurgent forces. Inside Mozambique and Zambia, ZANLA and ZIPRA maintained effective control against Rhodesian forces with the assistance of the national militaries of each country. While this was not exactly territorial control, as ultimately the government of each country maintained control, the ability of insurgents to operate effectively inside the country means that it was effective control. In Zambia, the government permitted insurgent forces to operate and recruit as long as they didn’t take any actions against Zambian citizens. This allowed them to establish camps for training and arming fighters to prepare them for raids into Rhodesia. The level of Zambian support for the insurgents was such that when Ian Smith put in place an economic embargo against Zambia—whose economy was dependent upon trade through Rhodesia—they

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