The Effects Of Water Drinking Water On The Health Of Children And Adults

1223 WordsMar 22, 20175 Pages
Water Crisis in America Sanitary water is imperative for survival. In the United States people use clean water for drinking, household needs, agriculture, recreation, industry and commerce and thermoelectricity (CDC). Sanitary drinking water is most important, because contaminated drinking water can become a serious health hazard. One of the most dangerous water contaminates to human health is lead. Lead is considered a dangerous heavy metal contaminate, which generally cannot be seen in water. In drinking water lead can have adverse effects on the health of both children and adults (EPA). Approximately 18 million Americans are provided drinking water that violates the federal lead level safety standards (guardian). This means…show more content…
Just because the EPA and these standards exist, does not mean the standards are truly upheld. Even with violations against EPA set standards, approximately 5,300 water systems provide water to 18 million Americans. The EPA has only taken action in 88 of these regulation violation cases. In many of these cases, it is clear that the EPA has knowledge of utilities using flawed or questionable water quality test methods, and utilities which fail to meet the standards (CNN). The water contamination in Flint Michigan is a tragic example of the EPA’s neglect for enforcing the standards set. Approximately two years ago, the Michigan state government switched Flint’s water supply from Lake Heron to the Flint River to save the money. This switch occurred, even though the Flint River was known locally for its contaminations. The Flint River is know to have highly corrosive levels, 19 times higher than in the previous Lake Heron water supply. This became a major problem when the Department of Environmental Quality did not treat the Flint River water with an anti-corrosion agent. The water mains in Flint were made of iron, which was corroded by the water from the river. Approximately half of Flint’s residence home service lines were pipes made with lead, because of the corrosive property of the river water, large amounts of lead were able to seep into the water supply. This problem continued for two years,
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