The Factors Of Active Attitudes Of A Person And The World Around Him

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Category of interest in science is one of the basic characterizing active attitudes of a person to the world around him. One of the first researchers who applied at one time to the analysis of the essence of the concept of "interest", were the French Enlighteners. Thus, P. Holbach considered interest as motive power of human actions, noting at the same time that the interest is called the object that binds everyone to an idea of his own happiness.
In turn, Diderot wrote: "When people talk about the interest of the individual, class, nation -" my interest "," interest of the state ","his interest", "their interest"- the word means something necessary or useful for the state, for the person, for me, and so on." K. Helvetius saw the interest
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Interest in the theoretical social sciences is formally defined as the difference between the subjective assessments of the current and projected state of a person. Interest is realized through the activities. The system of activities is a behavior.
Interests of the individual are not independent. They are connected with the interests of other people, interact with them, are modified by them. The costs of achieving the forecast states can be reduced by co-operation with others, due to the implementation of the behavior in the direction of non-personal and group interests, at the expense of compromise, confrontation, competition.
Therefore, we can conclude that the interest is the motive for all activities in society, just as the power is the cause of the mechanical motion in physics. Interaction of resources and interests creates the movement of society in the form of activities. This movement should be regulated, organized, limited by the "rules of the game." In the field of the study of the interaction of personal and public interests, interesting is the teachingы of the great European philosophers – Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes.
Machiavelli 's works initiated political and legal ideology of modern times. His political doctrine is free from theology; it is based on a study of the activities of contemporary governments, the experience of the Ancient World, on the
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