preview

The General Causes Of The French Revolution

Decent Essays
French Revolution, also called Revolution of 1789, the revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799. There are many reasons why the French revolution may would have started. Such as the cultural, social, financial, political, economic. The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century. The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and disappeared in parts of Europe. The increasingly numerous and prosperous wealthy commoners, merchants, and manufacturers. The peasants, lots of them owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings. Furthermore, higher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably. The Revolution took shape in France when the controller general of finances, Charles-Alexandre de Calonne, arranged the summoning of an assembly of notables. In February of 1787 to propose reforms designed to eliminate the budget deficit by increasing the taxation of the privileged classes. The assembly did not want to take responsibility for the reforms and suggested that the Estates-General, which represented the clergy, the aristocracy, and the Third Estate also known as the commoners. There were efforts made by Calonne’s successors to enforce fiscal
Get Access