The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China

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The “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” or the “Cultural Revolution” had been a failed attempt at making China a stronger country. This revolution had destroyed China’s rich history. The period from 1966 to 1969 had been terrifying years in which the Red Guards used violence to purge China of any anti- communist sources. Mao Zedong had led the violence and turmoil in China after his failed attempt at the Great Leap Forward. He relied on China’s youth to change the traditional customs and ideas. The students carried the Cultural Revolution forward and were encouraged to attack authority. Mao said, “to rebel is justified.”(par. 2, Schell). The stated goals of the Cultural Revolution were to abolish the four olds, “old customs, old…show more content…
The rich culture throughout China was completely destroyed by the red guards. Not only had the Red Guard utilized violence to enforce China’s new communist ideals, but also rid China of the old culture. The government leader, Zhou Enlai, stated in The Liberation Army Daily, “We have vigorously to promote proletarian thoughts and smash bourgeois thoughts in all the academic, educational, journalistic, art, literary, and other cultural circles…It is of the utmost importance, involving the fate and future of our Party and our country.” (pg. 174, Karnow) This statement from this critical leader shows the meaning behind their actions. Mao Zedong wanted to promote his own ideals about communism in China. In order to do so, Mao destroyed China’s cultural elements that were created over the course of thousands of years. All of the culture accumulated over this vast amount of time was demolished for the sake of promoting the proletarian ideals. The horrendous actions of “smashing bourgeois thoughts” show the goal of the Cultural Revolution. According to Mao Zedong, promoting communism was going to push China towards becoming a stronger country. But as shown in the lost history, accumulated throughout each era, the Cultural Revolution was leading to a place far worse than before. Furthermore, the police would be given names of the people that were enemies, giving them an opportunity to look for objects from the old culture. Those who were found with suspicious
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