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The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act

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If any of these covered entities shares information with others, it must establish contracts to protect the shared information. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is Protected Health Information (PHI) that:
Relates to a person’s physical or mental health, the provision of health care, or the payment for health care.
Identifies the person who is the subject of the information.
Is created or received by a covered entity
Is transmitted or maintained in any form (paper, electronic, or oral)
There are five major components to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule, these are as follows:
Boundaries: - which states that Protected Health Information (PHI) may be disclosed for health purposes only, with very limited exceptions.
Security: - which states that Protected Health Information (PHI) should not be distributed without patient authorization, unless there is a clear basis for doing so, and the individuals who receive the information must safeguard it.
Consumer control: - this states that individuals are entitled to access and control their health records and are to be informed of the purposes for which information is being disclosed and used.
Accountability: - this also states that any entities that improperly handle Protected Health Information (PHI) can be charged under criminal law and punished and are subject to civil recourse as well.
Public responsibility:- this also states that individual interests must
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