The History of Christian Art and Structure

740 WordsFeb 17, 20183 Pages
After Christ’s death, in the first centuries, the Christians were oppressed and considered enemies of the state. Because of this fact, they kept their tradition and art as a secret. Around the year 313, the Christianity was proclaimed as the official religion by the Emperor Constantine, and Constantinople became the second capital of the Roman empire. This was the period when the Byzantine art began to grow. The art consists on usage of the mosaic techniques to create episodes of Christianity life in big Structural buildings with amazing decorations like marble columns, mosaic vaults, gold ceilings and Stone pavements. It’s defined by large open spaces that are painted and decorated with mosaics representing Christian subjects. The first Byzantine architecture was based on a new building called basilica. The architecture of the basilica , (latin name for church) and mosaics are a very important achivement of the First Golden age with symmetrical design and condensed functional plans, The octogonal layout form features a rectangular base with columns that support an angled roof with. Light was provided only by natural sources, through windows that were located at the lower level. However, the light is refined throw the isles that are two stories tall and is used as an artistic component. Walls are made out of light colored stones, brick and stucco in a smooth finish or plastered concrete. Interiors are covered on the upper portion by
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