The Impact of Surging Oil Prices

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The Impact of Surging Oil Prices on the U.S Economy Although the lingering effects of the Great Recession of 2007-2009 continue to dissipate and economic growth resumes, volatile global oil prices remain a source of concern for economists and consumers alike. While the experts debate the precise date at which peak oil will be reached and the search for alternative energy sources has assumed new importance and relevance, it is clear that the world's commercial infrastructure will depend on fossil fuels well into the foreseeable future. Indeed, some authorities caution that unless drastic steps are taken today, the world will deplete its fossil fuel resources long before commercially viable alternatives become available. In this environment, determining how surging oil prices affect the U.S. economy represents a timely and valuable enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to determine the impact of surging oil prices on the U.S. economy, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion. Review and Discussion The past decade has been characterized by a high degree of volatility in global oil prices, beginning with a significant increase in 1999 that continued to accelerate until 2003, reaching an unprecedented pricing level of $145 a barrel in July 2008 (Ono, 2011). The Great Recession appears to have stunted this acceleration in oil prices, though, at least in part and
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