Danielle, I agree with you in that it is not acceptable to drop data because of an outlier, as outliers can be legitimate observations can sometimes be interesting observations. However, in some cases, it may be acceptable to get rid of outliers as they may indicate bad data (Outliers, 2017). Although, researchers should not simply delete the outlying point before they thoroughly investigate why the point is far-off, if the researcher can determine that the outliers are due to erroneous factors, then the researchers should likely delete the point from the analysis (Outliers, 2017). For example, if it is obvious that the outlier is due to data that was incorrectly entered or measured, you should likely drop the outlier. Another example may be
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The introduction of Outliers begins with an inspection of Italian American immigrants near the end of the 19th century, the founders of a small town in Pennsylvania, called Roseto. In a study conducted by physician Stewart Wolf, et al. researchers set out to decide how the people of Roseto were able to live longer, healthier lives than that of the people in the towns of the same region, as well as the rest of the nation. The secret of the success for the people of Roseto could be found in a nearly unanimous social integration, which focused on respect for elders, a common set of religious beliefs, and an egalitarian way of thinking. Wolf’s findings introduced the medical community to a new way of
Malcolm Gladwell insists throughout his book, Outliers: The Story of Success, that the recipe for achievement is not simply based on personal talents or innate abilities alone. Gladwell offers the uncommon idea that outliers largely depend upon “extraordinary opportunities and cultural legacies” (Gladwell19). According to Gladwell, successful men and women are beneficiaries of relationships, occasions, places, and cultures. The author draws on a different case study in each chapter to support a particular argument concerning success. Despite his indifference and suppression in regards to counterarguments, Gladwell’s claims are effective for many reasons, including through the accounts of experts, tone and style of writing, and the
In the book Outliers, the author Malcolm Gladwell elucidates that people have to practice for more than 10,000 hours or 10 years in order to fully become successful. People can achieve more regardless of not being financially wealthy. Even though some people that have practiced for less than 10,000 hours did achieve their goals, the majority of the successful people have practiced for more than 10,000 hours. Gladwell states that, “they work much, much harder” (39). and that they have to want to stand out from everyone else. I believe that very successful people are lucky, and have talent, and are willing to work harder than everyone else.
We are presented with a theory that there aren’t any successful self-made people, which we know is contrary to popular beliefs. This theory was presented by Malcolm Gladwell in his book, Outliers: The Story of Success. The theory is further defined by the premise that holds that success is enabled by a person’s culture, environment, when and where they were born, and a strong work ethic. These theories and examples of success are analyzed using the textbook, Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills (2015) by Andrew DuBrin. Several examples are provided in this paper that illustrate and support Gladwell’s thoughts on opportunity and cultural legacy.
A paradigm is a model used to support ideas and claims made by an author. In the book Outliers the author Malcolm Gladwell uses many paradigms to further illustrate his findings. Throughout the book Gladwell discusses success and the things that effect ones chance at becoming successful in life. It is brought to our attention though Gladwell’s use of paradigms that there are many small scale things that can effect ones chances at succeeding. Success is often associated with talent, genetics, and resources but little do people know there are many things that impact ones success.
Success has been pondered over for centuries. How does one gain success? Is it worked for or is it only designated for a special few? Looking past the multitude of self help books that have been written, many like Malcolm Gladwell have begun to consider factors beyond just “working for it” as a contributor to success. One of these factors are cultural legacies. Though it is true that cultural legacies can be extremely powerful and that we should acknowledge them when considering someone’s success, it should be evident that the extent of power culture has is less than what Gladwell proposes. The place someone originated from has extremely influential effects on how that person thinks and acts, and in turn how they gain their success. The culture they grew up with becomes deeply rooted in their minds and results in different thought processes that shape the mindset they have while developing into an individual. However, Gladwell overestimates how powerful
Becoming successful is what most people aspire to be. Most people fantasize the dream house, car, and having the dream job. Even though success is viewed so highly, not everyone can be successful. Malcolm Gladwell explains that idea throughout his book Outliers. Gladwell’s chapters contain endless amounts of evidence that support his claims exceptionally well. But, Michiko Kakutani, a critic for New York Times, exposes Gladwell’s evidence as unreliable and unconvincing, and upon further research, Gladwell’s faults grew deeper. Even though Gladwell provides an extensive amount of evidence, that evidence is one-sided and relies on suggestion.
An outlier is a person or thing situated away or detached from the main body or system. In other words, an outlier is somebody who goes out of his or her way and does something extraordinary in order to accomplish their goal. Martin Luther King Jr. is a true example of an outlier. In the early 1900s, segregation was strongly recognized in the United States, until Martin Luther King Jr. stood up for what he believed in and made a change. Although he made a difference to the United States, he was assassinated in the making of this process. This assassination is an example to why Martin Luther King Jr. is considered to be an outlier. The novel Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell is a detailed explanation
In Outliers, Gladwell describes the “10,000” hour rule, stating that it takes approximately 10,000 hours of practice to become an expert at something. Jeanette Walls becomes successful largely through her writing. First, she worked on her high school’s newspaper for 5 years, first as editor and eventually as the main reporter and editor-in-chief. This provided her with the basis of her many hours of practice. When she moves to New York, she gets to do an internship at a small news outpost during her senior year of high school. After graduating, she lands a job there. She spends countless hours writing to add to her preexisting experience with her high school newspaper. By the time she reaches college, she has been writing for thousands of hours, gaining the priceless experience that Gladwell would say helped her towards her success.
"The Sports Gene" by David Epstein takes on the debate of nature versus nurture by using a Donald Thomas a new high jump who is already good and Carlos Mattis who practice all his life just to be good. The Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell uses the augment of 10,000-hour rule and preparation by basing his research at the Elite Academy of Music in Berlin. Control means "the power to influence or direct people's behavior or the course of events." "The Outliers" by Malcolm Gladwell makes a more convincing argument than ''The Sports Gene" by David Epstein answering the question how much of our lives do we control? To begin, in "The Sports Gene" by David Epstein he takes different position on control.
Throughout the process of how Canadian hockey sport selects their top of the top hockey players for the Memorial Cup, Gladwell proves that these top players are successful not only because of their hard work but also because of the advantage of the earlier birth month which give them more opportunity in the competence compared to others who was born in later month of the year. Gladwell argues that the inequitable “cutoff date matter” as in “other […] areas” (33), for example in education. He urges that our society need to change the way we think of success in which “we miss opportunities to lift others” (32). He also suggests that education system should change to let children “compete” each others whose don’t
Since the around the 1980s parents have worked to make sure that their kid has the upper hand. Redshirting to help your children does not help but hurt your children in the long run. Outliers By Malcolm Gladwell gives many theories into why people are successful and what they did to be that way. He Tells us why Canadian hockey players born in the first three months are the most successful and skilled. He claims that this theory pertains to the American education system as well.
I am a very determined person and I am so competitive it's almost unhealthy. I have always been determined to be the strongest, be the best, be someone people won’t forget. I haven’t ever been the best until I was determined to be better than everyone else. Everything to be in a competition, I try to lift more than people, be faster than people, get better test scores than people; no matter what it is, I want to be the best. According to the book “Outliers: The Story of Success” by Malcolm Gladwell, “it takes roughly ten thousand hours of practice to achieve mastery in a field”
There are small changes in values with the removal of the outliers. The R-square with outliers is 1.6%, while, it is 1.0% without the outliers, this represents a small decrease of .6%. The p-value, on the other hand, is .235 without the outliers and .123 with the outliers both numbers higher that the significant level of .05 so we continue to fail to reject the null.