The Iran Iraq War

1566 Words Dec 7th, 2015 7 Pages
The Iran-Iraq lasted from September 1980 to August 1998, which made it the longest conventional war of the 20th century. The consequence of the war cost billions of dollars and millions of lives. The result of the war, although stalemate would be a critical factor that would shape the future of the Middle East. The historical deep-rooted hostile relationship that emanated from the ethnic Arab-Persian and religious Sunni- Shi’ite tensions between the two neighbouring countries contributed to the conditions necessary for war. Although many historians and scholars argue that the deep-rooted ethnic and religious tension caused the outbreak the war, it fails to explain the periods where both countries were cooperating and involved in alliances together. By exploring the war through the individual level of analysis, it is clear that the political leader Saddam Hussein was a major factor that contributed to the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq war.

To understand the outbreak of the 1980 interstate war between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq it is crucial to look at the historical factors as well as the political nature of the two states. Many scholars refer to the Iran-Iraq war as the longest conventional warfare in the in the 20th century, lasting from 1980 to 1988 making it lengthier than the First and Second World War . On September 22, 1980, Saddam Hussein made a unfortunate decision to invade Iran . The early phase of the war favoured Iraq due to the fact…

More about The Iran Iraq War

Open Document