The Marxist Theory Of Marxist Criticism

757 WordsFeb 28, 20174 Pages
The Marxist theory research What is the marxist criticism? Marxists believe that all of human history has been divided by socioeconomic classes. They believe that the progression of history so far has been pushed forward by these class struggles. From these struggles they say that capitalism was born, but eventually the struggles will reach a breaking point where the lower and middle classes turn on the wealthy, leading to the implementation of socialism. Looks at any struggles between different classes in the text. Interprets the relationship between classes. The text is viewed as a social institution, and then dominant class struggles are brought to life through the themes of the text. The author can put these class struggles into the…show more content…
Key terms: Class struggle: Conflicts between employers and employees over rights, wages and working conditions. Capital: Something that turns a profit (i.e. railroads, factories) Ideology: System of ideas and ideals that form the basis of economic, social and political policy. Dialectic: A theory of history, that tells the story of the world as a continual resolution of contradictions. Laws of history: Marxists believe that human progression over history will eventually lead us to socialism where everyone is equal and owns very little. Socialism: A theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole. Communism: A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. Bourgeois: Dominant class who control and own means of production. Proletariat: Subordinate class: do not own or control the means of production. Key Assumptions: Focuses on particular societal issues (culture, race, economical, power, etc.) Marxists theorists look at literature as a social institution. Look at ways the literature emerges from current ideologies and institutions. Can also look at author’s background and their societal standpoint. Politics and

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