The Negative Effects Of Tobacco Smoking In The General Public

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Since the establishment of the linkage between smoking and numerous serious side effects, including lung cancer, lung disease, and tooth decay, in the mid-1900s, public health officials and lawmakers have attempted to decrease the prevalence of smoking in the general public through a myriad of methods. One such method would be the “Tobacco Tax” otherwise known as price increases on cigarettes and other tobacco products. Ideally, such tobacco taxes would act as disincentives on smoking, causing adults to quit smoking or at least to decrease their consumption of cigarettes. Overall, this is a highly debated topic in the fields of both public policy and economics.
Many researchers maintain that tobacco taxes efficiently result in decreases in cigarette usage while others attest to their belief that tobacco taxes are an ineffective disincentivization of cigarettes. For example, a recent study conducted by the National Bureau of Economics maintains that “Estimates indicate that, for adults, the association between cigarette taxes and either smoking participation or smoking intensity is negative, small and not usually statistically significant.” On the other hand, many economists advocate for increasing tobacco taxes and believe them to be “important in achieving reductions in tobacco use and the public health toll caused by tobacco.” Using data gathered by Boston College and analysis through the program Stata, the authors attempted to prove a negative correlation between price
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