The Philosohpy of Immanuel Kant

1191 Words Jul 14th, 2018 5 Pages
Immanuel Kant is referred to as the “father” of deontological ethics, which is also colloquially referred to as Kantianism, which provides a sophisticated explication of deontology. His philosophy embodies capitulating to one’s maxim, which he beliefs that to be good, however, only if one’s motives are unconditional and irrespective to external reason. The maxim is referred to as the individual’s intrinsic duty or obligation to one’s self or to others, which if applicable to everyone than it is congenial to the universal law. John Stuart Mill is an advocate of the utilitarian theory, which believes that happiness is the manifestation of pleasure and the absence of pain. These pleasures that Mill speaks of is divided into two forms, that …show more content…
Mill believes in the praxis of pleasure to accumulate the zenith of happiness, but with the absent of pain. Motivation is irrelevant when regarding morality, because the result of one’s actions determines the morality, which is why utilitarianism is often referred to as consequentialism. This philosophy is synonymous to a democracy in the sense that the majority hold the moral weight, “One should act so as to promote the greatest happiness to the greatest number of those who will be affected by the act.” There are two parts which constitute pleasure by mills standards, intellectual and bodily. Bodily pleasures are those that are stimulating to animals, because it does not involve the intellect. Humans, however, have facilities that are more evolved than that of nonhumans, so the intellectual pleasures are more appealing to humans. Intellectual pleasures are of more value than bodily. He compares the stimulation from the intellectual pleasures to that of an ethereal plant, meaning that one can easily adulterate the culmination of the aesthetic appreciation, due to societal influences

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