The Philosophy Of Plato 's Republic

Decent Essays

Why Be Moral Plato is one of histories most prominent philosophers who studied under the philosopher, Socrates. He is well known for his book, Republic, which presents different philosophical concepts including the concept of justice and how it is always in the individual’s best interest to be just. In this book we meet Thrasymachus, a Sophist, who has an opposing view on the value of justice. Plato’s notion of justice conflicts with that of Thrasymachus and possible consequences of morality are contentment and trust. Justice, during the time of Plato, was different than how we use the term in our present day. Instead of concerning justice for others in a communal way, it was concerned with justice on a personal level as well as a communal level. The sense of justice for the individual could be expressed within a community. Justice was a way to express being a moral person and could be translated as a sort of righteousness (Clark, Poortenga, 2003). Thrasymachus challenges morality in the Republic as he speaks to the character, Socrates. He believes that justice should benefit the individual and originate from a place of self-interest. In his view, justice is what brings a person wealth, power, and fame by taking advantage of other people (Clark, Poortenga, 2003). He did not believe that it would benefit the individual to be just, or moral since it did not guarantee the wealth, power, or fame. His viewpoint comes his stance in the Sophist tradition. Sophists were known for

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