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The Punishment Of The Death Penalty

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The 2005 decision made in Roper v. Simmons’ declared that the crimes committed by people under the age of 18 would not be punishable by death. Because of this the United States Supreme Court challenged the constitutionality of the death penalty for juveniles. Whether the decision was appropriate or not is still under intense debate to this day. “A primary purpose of the juvenile justice system is to hold juvenile offenders accountable for delinquent acts while providing treatment, rehabilitative services, and programs designed to prevent future involvement in law-violating behavior (Cothern, 2000)”. This research paper will focus on the history of the death penalty, the concept of juvenile offenders receiving the death penalty, and analyze whether or not it should be permitted. Death penalty laws date back as early as Eighteenth Century B.C. The punishment of death was categorized for 25 different crimes, although murder was not one of them, according to the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon (Introduction to the Death Penalty, 2005). As time went on plenty of codes and rulings were made for which death was the leading punishment for crimes. The death sentences were carried out by means such as drowning, burning alive, impalement, beating to death, and crucifixion (Introduction to the Death Penalty, 2005). Soon after the Tenth Century A.D. came to pass, hangings became a much more popular method of executions in Britain. The United States was influenced greatly by
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