The Scramble For Africa During The Berlin Conference

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The Scramble for Africa, taking place nearly three decades after the Berlin Conference regarding Africa, was an event where several, major European powers attempted to colonize areas in Africa. As European powers tried to enforce this imperialism, they were met with heavy resistance from the Africans, violently and non-violently, however, some chose to give in to European demands; Document 5 is an example of the violent resistance from the natives of Africa while Document 2 shows non-violent resistance by co-operating with the British, and Document 1 gives an example of submission to the British through a contract of sorts. The Berlin Conference marked the beginning of the “Conquest of Africa”. This conquest partitioned Africa into territories as to divide Africa for each European country, avoiding war amongst themselves. This led to a series of actions and reactions, back and forth, between European powers and Africans resulting in different consequences.
A common reaction from African tribes to European imperialism was violent resistance. Document 5 is an ample instance where violence was used to resist European imperialism. . In 1891, Menelik II, the leader of Ethiopia, had surrendered to Europe, but decided to take back their land from them. The Battle of Adowa, portrayed in the painting in Document 5, shows the victory of Ethiopians against Italian troops in 1896. Oreste Baratieri, the Italian general who led his army against the Ethiopian troops in the battle,
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