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The United States Of America Has Been Governed By Two Constitutions

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The United States of America has been governed by two Constitutions in its entire history. The Articles of Confederation came into play on March 1, 1781 and was later ratified on June 21, 1788, later known as The Constitution. These important documents allowed our nation to protect itself and ensure the existence of The United States of America. The Articles of Confederation as well as The Constitution allowed for boundaries and rules to be set in place to protect the basic rights of citizens and establish a strong government. One of the greatest documents in all of U.S. history, the Constitution of United States of America was created.
The Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states have been in effect since 1781 and it resulted in
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In the Articles of Confederation, the States are sovereign but in the Constitution the people as a whole nation are sovereign. Concluding that the sovereignty is divided among the states and the central government (Utah State University, 2008). Meaning that the federal government may have laws but the states have their autonomous decision in making laws too. This ratification does at times clash with one another but that issue is settled by the Supreme Court of the United States for resolution. In the Articles of Confederation, it was written that there is no independent executive with power but compared with the Constitution it was agreed that the “independent executive is chosen by the Electoral College” (Utah State University, 2008). The Executive Branch is headed by the President who has the power to choose his cabinet and has checks & balance on powers of the judiciary and the legislature. In the Articles of Confederation, there were no federal courts. All laws were enforced by the state courts but comparing this to the Constitution, there is a separate Federal Court System with the power to resolve issues among citizens and states. Another issue was that there was no taxing power given to Congress but later on Congress was granted the power to “lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises” (Heritage Foundation, 2012). Congress before would request that specific state to pay taxes but now Congress has the right
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