Global warming has become a world wide issue and an issue that is causing great controversy. It is an increase in the earth's atmospheric and oceanic temperatures widely predicted to occur due to an increase in the greenhouse effect resulting especially from pollution (Dictionary). Global warming is a natural process, but because of increase in certain activities this process is taking a faster and more dangerous route creating global problems. Global warming was first theorized in 1894 by Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier a French mathematician, who noticed the earth was gradually increasing in temperature. He came to the conclusion that the earth’s atmosphere was trapping solar radiation caused by the sun and reflecting this radiation back to
Being environmentally friendly isn’t merely a trend. After thousands of years of using the earth’s resources, we have finally come to realize that we are destroying this beautiful gift we were honored with. Architects play an influential role in trying to preserve this gift by encouraging a multitude of strategies that can be more cost efficient in the long run, be more comfortable for its users, and most importantly, have a lower carbon footprint. Strategies can include drastic changes to heat and air systems, construction material selections, or even specific design details to the architecture of a building that would reduce the amount of energy it consumes.
Global warming, Ice Core samples, Dendrochronology and Peat Bogs. Global warming is the rise of average temperature in the earth’s atmosphere since the late 19th century. Since the beginning of the early 20th century, the earths mean surface temperature had increased by around 0.8 degrees. Warming of the climate system had become more obvious and scientists are 90% sure that the main cause of the increase in temperature in due to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases due to human activities such as deforestation and burning of fossil fuels.
Global warming is the rising of temperatures on the surface of the earth due to the trapping of heat rising from the earth’s surface. It is caused by the destruction of the Ozone layer by the carbon dioxide emitted mostly from the burning of the fossil fuel and the deforestation. The ozone layer is a layer of oxygen in the atmosphere responsible for absorbing the heat from the earth’s surface.
Biophysical Ecology Abstract: There are many patterns that can be observed throughout our environment. In this experiment, the temperatures of organisms in a biophysical environment were analyzed to see if a pattern could be recognized that was related to the behavior of an ectotherm. An ectotherm is an organism that relies on the environment to regulate its body temperature. Organisms such as Pseudemys (turtles) and Lacertilia (lizards) are examples or ectotherms. After arriving at Maxcy Gregg Park and analyzing the temperatures of four microhabitats within two habitats with infrared thermometers, the temperatures were compared between the microhabitats. Then, one habitat was chosen to analyze the temperatures between
The architects that built the Eastgate Center in Harare, Zimbabwe was inspired by termite mounds. The termite mounds stay 87 degrees all day and night to grow fungus to eat. Mick Pearce designed Eastgate Center after a termite mound so it stays a good temperature all day and it saves energy by n0t having to heat it. it works because it has all these chimney in the roof. Hot air rises up and out cold air comes in and cools the title. Third, that idea was also used to build the Council House 2 that uses the same pencil of Eastgate center. It cost 11 million to build save about 2 million every year, so in 5-6 year it will pay itself off. Small doesn't mean it could be useful to the
Council House 2 (CH₂) Council House 2 is the City of Melbourne’s 10 storey office building that was completed in 2006. It has approximately 540 staff who are housed there with retail on the ground floor and underground parking. Its ground floor area is 12,536m² which consists of: • 1995m² GFA basement areas • 500m²
Many schools in the State of New York used a low-cost mulch around their buildings. This mulch was infested with the Timber Devastator, an invasive subterranean termite. Normally this termite wouldn’t be able to survive the winter, but they have been able to overwinter within the schools causing serious structural damage. The goal of this paper is to identify am environmentally friendly, time conscious, and economically feasible plan for controlling this pest.
Discussion This study depicted that common wombat burrows provide a constant temperature 1-2m from the entrance within four different habitats – open field, forested, short ground cover and sandy bank – during both summer and autumn. However, noticeable differences in the temperatures between the seasons were observed. Although, this was expected as the insulating properties of the soil stop daily, but not seasonal, fluctuations in temperature from a depth of approximately 0.30cm (Reichman & Smith 1990), with the main factors that did influence burrow temperatures being time of day, elevation during summer and aspect during autumn. There are few studies in the literature that display the influences of elevation and aspect on burrow temperatures so these may present novel findings that might impact burrow location or use. The general outcome that burrow temperatures remain constant while temperatures outside the burrow fluctuate, however, is supported in many studies of different species. Shimmin et al
Figure 1 (Department of Energy & Climate Change, 2014) Sustainability and Global Warming Requirements The inefficient homes in the UK have catastrophic effects on global warming. The UK needs to become more energy efficient as at the moment it emits a large amount of greenhouse gases which risk dangerous climate change. The retrofitting of the brick three storey terraced town house is necessary in order to comply with the legislations set out by parliament in the UK Climate Change Act (2008) or if the house falls under the private rented sector it must comply with the Energy Act 2011.
Termites construct shelter tubes, also known as earthen tubes or mud tubes that start from the ground. These shelter tubes can be found on walls and other structures. Constructed by termites during the night, a time of higher humidity, these tubes provide protection to termites from potential predators, especially ants (Hadlington, 1996). Shelter tubes also provide high humidity and darkness and allow workers to collect food sources that cannot be accessed in any other way. These passageways are made from soil and faeces and are normally brown in colour. The size of these shelter tubes depends on the amount of food sources that are available. They range from less than 1 cm to several cm in width, but
Global warming is the name given to the increase in the earth’s surface temperature. It is caused by the collection of greenhouse gases, carbon
Abstract Traditional cooling method can initiatively decrease the inside temperature, but it may consume extra energy, while novel building structure can ease the problem of energy consumption through utilizing nature energy and reducing the conduction of heat which from exterior to inside.
The earth tube system is one of the passive design strategies which has been adapted worldwide from vernacular architectures to modern buildings. Moreover the earth tube system not only can be used in passive design, but also can be coupled with HVAC system. (Suresh K.S, 2015) The main aim of the earth tube is to utilize the relatively constant soil temperature source (Mihalakakou G, 2003) as a heat sink or heat source to temper the ambient air for summer cooling and winter heating. As showed in figure 1, the air flow into the earth tube, which buried underground, from the air inlet to the outlet. (Maerefat M, 2010) In this process, the ambient air can either absorb or release the heat to the ground though the pipe. As a consequence, the tempered ambient air could cool down the room in summer and warm up the room in winter with on or less energy usage. (Wu H, 2007)
Every year air conditioning uses 6% of all the electricity produced in the United States and costs about $29 billion annually. A price anyone would pay to stay cool during those hot summer months. The cool air that circulates your house almost everyday not only keeps you from bearing the heat of the summer sun, but has been proven to improve the efficiency of human beings, as well as improving overall health, giving a fresh supply of air, and controlling the noises of the great outdoors. Throughout the process of creating the modern day air conditioning unit, scientist and innovators have developed the most accessible, reliable, and efficient model that not only keeps people cool through the day but also has been shown to increase work ethic in people and treat certain illnesses.(“Advantages of the Air Conditioners. Advantages of AC.”)