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The World War One : A Devastating Effect On The Australian And Tasmanian Society

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According to the Oxford Dictionary, the British and World English definition of ‘devastating’ is, ‘causing severe shock, distress or grief.’ World War One is the war that historians often describe as ‘devastating’. “It is undoubtedly one of the most terrible chapters in our history”. The Great War, as it is commonly known, had a devastating effect on the Australian and Tasmanian society, through the psychological torment that haunted the soldiers, nurses and civilians. A question prominent in the events leading up to the centenary of the landing at Gallipoli was, ‘Why should we commemorate the centenary of our participation in this conflict?’ When World War One broke out in 1914, men gathered from all over the country to fight for their land. Prime Minister Joseph Cook said on the 4th of August 1914, “when the empire is at war, so is Australia.” Although Australia as a nation lost 61,928 people, the war brought Australia to a new era and provided a new cultural status and identity. Through the war and our participation in World War One, our community emerged into the modern era, with women taking up the role of men in the workforce and Australia gaining cultural independence. The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901 and was still a young nation. Regarding the war, the new found of nation didn’t have sufficient funds to participate in the First World War. Federal income tax was then introduced in 1915 to fund Australia 's efforts and participation, this meant that
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