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Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

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1)
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke share the basic assumption that a theory based off of abstract individualism, consent, sovereignty and reason will produce a peaceful and productive society. This theory is the liberal political theory, which is the philosophy of individual rights and a limited government. Both Hobbes and Locke both center the majority of their ideas off of how people’s lives should be based off of nature rights instead of natural law. This being said, people are also subject to the moral laws set and it is ones duty to preserve his wellbeing and strive to meet his own goals but this is where Hobbes and Locke’s theories starts to differ.
According to Hobbes, he addresses his abstract individualism in the state of nature
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Since John Locke is a follower of Hobbes, a lot of his theory’s stem from the same general thoughts in a state of nature. In Locke’s state of nature, men are independent, free and equal. This does come with some limitations, which are that men are at liberty to do as they please, only if they stay within the bounds of the law of nature. As for consent, Locke uses his social contract to show how the people must obey the government or the sovereign but only if the government respects the individuals within the commonwealth’s rights. These rights may be natural but also must primarily follow the moral laws of the social contract. One way Hobbes and Locke differ is with the state of war. Locke believes that all men must respect the rights of other men and it s their duty to do so even within the state of nature when all people are doing what they can to reach their goals. This duty of respecting everyone’s rights is what Locke refers to as the natural law.

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Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both share similar ideas on the liberal political theory and how it is to be universally recognized and followed by all people and societies. They are realistic and do recognize problems that may cause problems to the system. Those problems are that not everyone will live up to the expectations they have discussed to be universally known. The two groups of people they note may break the written and unwritten laws of society are those who willingly and knowingly do,
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