E. Tory Higgins proposed that individuals have three selves that they compare themselves to Actual self – representation of the attributes you believe you actually possess, Ideal self – attributes you would ideally like to possess (hopes, aspiration, what motivates you to change/improve), Ought self – attributes you believe you should possess (duties, obligations, responsibilities when these self-guides are contradictory they result in emotional discomfort. Individuals are motivated to reduce self-discrepancy (the gap between two self-guides). There has been a great deal of research into cognitive dissonance, providing some interesting and sometimes unexpected findings. It is a theory with very broad applications, showing that we aim for a
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Krakauer admits that Chris McCandless was a rash, but he insists he "wasn't a nutcase, he wasn’t a sociopath, he wasn’t an outcast. McCandless was something else-- although precisely what is hard to say. A pilgrim, perhaps" (85). Many thought McCandless was wise and he knew what he was dong, while others disagree, stating his poor decisions contributed to his own death. In my opinion, Chris was indeed wise- he was a young man who didn’t care about labels, brands, big things, or anything materialistic. Instead, he thrived on more important concepts of life like truth and freedom. He believed he would find his true self and relieved of society once he became one with the wild.
What if your best friend went on an adventure. They had everything they had ever wanted. They didn't tell you or their family where they were going or how long they would be gone. They just picked up and left. Would you respect their decision to not tell anyone their plans? Would you think that this was a good idea of theirs, or would you think that this was a stupid decision on their part? Well this is what Christopher McCandless did. In 1968 McCandless was born. He was born to a good, wealthy, and happy family. He had everything any child could ever wish for. He was smart, athletic, and had a good education. In June 1990 he completed collage. In July of 1990 Christopher McCandless left his family and almost all belongings, and didn't tell anyone where he was going, or how long he'd be gone. Three years later McCandless was found dead in a blue bus located in Alaska. He had died of starvation. He went off and, ¨lived his life.¨ McCandless went out and lived in the wild. While Christopher McCandless died peacefully, the question has arose on whether McCandless was a noble adventurer or an arrogant fool. The evidence from many stories and social media clearly states that McCandless was in fact an arrogant fool. Christopher McCandless was an arrogant fool because he was not prepared, he
Cognitive dissonance is defined as the state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes, especially as relating to behavioral decisions and attitude change. Cognitive dissonance occurs most often when a person’s beliefs, morals or feeling are one way but they do not act accordingly. This dissonance may be displayed in numerous ways that may be done outwardly but also there is an internal process that takes place. A use of internal processing involves many different functions, included but not limited to, thinking, perception and problem solving. The driving force of dissonance is that we as humans attempt to align opposing thoughts or ideas and carry on with life in a way that still meets our morals, set standards or way of thinking. In doing so, we are then challenged to find what we believe as appropriate reasoning for making
Chris McCandless died on the Stampede Trail, Alaska in August, 1994. The book, Into the Wild, written by Jon Krakauer shares the ideals Chris McCandless possessed and his journey to self-enlightenment. In order to reach fulfilment, McCandless chose to live deliberately by the words of Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, “Nothing can bring you peace but yourself. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of principle.” This quote is from a self-reliance essay written by Emerson. McCandless lived deliberately to the best of his ability.
When you see yourself living out your dream, the thought of what you're most passionate about pulls you in. Passions in one's life change based on what had affected that person. Dreams are defined to change. However, the benefits of these thoughts is that they belong to you and only you. Not one person's opinions matter but your own. Chris McCandless simply was living out his own ideal life, the way he wanted; not to the idea of his parents, his friends or of society. McCandless wanted to escape society and civilization which he felt was tying him down, while also trying to discover himself. McCandless is not by any means a wacko. He was simply defying society and its ideal expectation it holds upon us as a whole.
Since America left Britian, Britian wasn't very happy, but they didn't think the Americans would be able to form rules and a government. America formed and established the Constitution. Since America was a thriving country Britian was a little bit mad. Overtime British started doing things to prevent America from becoming all powerful. A reason why British started impressment, which was part of creating the War of 1812, had to do with the Constitution. Without the War of 1812 the National Anthem might have never been made, because of the Battle of Fort McHenry, which was in the War of 1812. Francis Scott Key wrote about the battle and how the Americans didn't quit. Without that war, there would have been no battle of Fort McHenry with Francis
In 1760, when George III was made kind of England, he saw that Britain are in debt because of the seven years’ war, he decided to make a way out by making the colonies be part of the payment. Likewise, he increases the taxes and make sure they did not enough partner to trade with so that they can gain more profits. To the people in the colonies they felt it was a cheat and violation of “Navigation Act” (Foner 186). Just because they did not have a representative in the parliament. In 1761, James Otis was a lawyer, who stood against the writs of assistance to combat smuggling (Foner 186). The writs were a search houses if there is an evidence of smuggling goods. In addition, some people who do not support the stamp Act oppose it and differentiate between “internal taxes” from the stamp duty, brought about the idea that the parliament do not have the right to impose any thing on them or their trade. Above all, they do not have right to tax American since they do not have
Jimmie Cates is a forty-four-year-old first felony offender who is requesting a pardon with restoration of firearms for his conviction of Simple Burglary. He was sentenced to serve two years hard labor in the Louisiana Department of Corrections. Mr. Cates has one arrest for the instant offense and was placed on supervised probation. He completed his term of probation successfully and has no probation or parole revocations.
Many people have formed strong opinions about the young Chris McCandless, from the story Into the Wild, who ventured into the Alaskan wilderness where he eventually starved to death there. These opinions vary in ideas, but one Shaun Callarman has claimed Chris to be “just plain crazy.” Despite what Shaun Callarman says, Chris was not crazy, but he was smart and intelligent or else he would not have lasted 113 days in the wild of Alaska. Mr. Callarman does have some arguments which are able to support his claim, but in the end I would definitely disagree with his analysis.
Tommy Douglas is truly a Canadian symbol who helped define what it means to be Canadian; he thought of what was best for the people that were not as privileged as he was after becoming successful and saw himself as equal, rather than superior to the citizens living their lives around him. As a Baptist Minister Tommy would donate and raise money for citizens struggling with affording treatment. It should be noted that it is quite obvious that Mr Douglas was an intelligent man with a goal set to pave a path for equality in every sense of the word, there were instances that he learned about equality. His controversial essay on the topic of eugenics and his endorsement of it changed dramatically as he went on to include those with disabilities
Every state should’ve been like Longtown in the America 200 years ago because Longtown was a free place for everyone no matter their color. Longtown needs to be taken care of the most because it’s the first town where race and color didn't matter.An article published by Washington Post titled “Ohio town holds rare history:Races mix freely for nearly 200 years” and a youtube video called “Vanishing Act” both explains how a town in Ohio was one of the first places to be free of discrimination. According to Washington Post, a descendant of James Clemens who brought the land for Longtown named Connor Keisser stated that in his childhood memories he used to play with cousins that had different skin colors. Longtown was the first place where there
Have you ever been so desperate that you were willing to give up? Alfred is seventeen year old boy who dropped out from high school. Alfred works at a grocery store and hangs out with street kids. Alfred begins to realize that he needs to do something he decided that he will be a Contender. He goes to Donatelli's gym to start his training. Donatelli is a very important person to Alfred throughout the story. He also gets good advice from him and learns a good important lesson.
Leon Festinger created the cognitive dissonance theory as an attempt to explain why people desire to have consistency between their behaviors and actions. Cognitive dissonance is the distressing mental state people feel when they find themselves doing things that don’t fit with what they know, or having opinions that do not fit with other opinions they hold (Festinger, 1957; as cited in Griffin, 2009). Thus, people are motivated to change either their behavior or their belief when feelings of dissonance arise.
The principal assumption of the theory regarding to Hogg and Vaughan (2011, p.214) “is that cognitive dissonance is an unpleasant state of psychological tension generated when a person has two or more cognitions (bits of information) that are inconsistent or do not fit together. So if people at the same time hold those two cognitions (thoughts, attitudes, beliefs, states of awareness of behaviour), which are psychologically inconsistent, then we experience dissonance. The theory also accounts for discrepancies between behaviour and attitudes. For instance, when people act in a manner that is inconsistent with their attitudes, then they experience tension. And how people can reduce this tension? Festinger (1957) suggested people have to do it by changing their attitudes so that they are in line with their behavior. The main way of reducing dissonance is attitude change. The theory propose that when we are dealing with two conflicting beliefs then we experience tension or an aversive state and a good example is military training. The military teaches and telling soldiers that when they kill the enemy its nothing wrong and killing them is a good thing but those same soldiers have a deeply natural and inborn belief that “thou shalt not kill”(Sturman, 2012) . Another example is about person who smokes cigarettes. Regarding to Stone and Cooper (2001) most people