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Treacher Collins Research Paper

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Treacher Collins Syndrome was first documented on paper and named after by Edward Treacher Collins in the 1900s’ in Europe. Collins died in 1932 at the age of 70. Collins work was later brought up by Adolphe Franceschetti and David Klein who came across the same conditions but classified and named it as mandibulofacial dysostosis. This was discovered before Collins had written about it by Thomson and Toynbee in 1846-1847 and later by Berry (1889).

TCS is defined as an inherited condition in which some bones and tissues in the face aren’t developed fully. This affects not only the face but the head as well by causing downward-slanting eyes, small jaw and chin form as well as altering the development of facial tissues and bones. Some symptoms may also include hearing and vision loss. In some cases, babies that are born with this syndrome also have something called a cleft palate which means they are born with a hole in the roof of the mouth. Children born with this well also have difficult problems with breathing, chewing, speech, and swallowing.

A simple change in your chromosomes can cause this rare genetic disorder to appear. TCS affects 1 in 50,000 newborns worldwide since this condition can be passed through genetics but sometimes it is just caused by a
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Certain places will have genetic counselors to give information to the parents explaining the condition and how this may affect your family. Treatments for TCS can include cleft repair, enlarging and aligning the jaw and teeth, ear differences, and repairing eyelids. All these treatments help with improving speech, breathing, hearing, eyesight and eating. Reconstructive surgery is what these are classified under and so much more, such as rebuilding cheekbones and nose construction. Even with the surgery’s there will be therapy meetings to help the child adjust with everything, such as speech therapy and hearing
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