Unwanted and Unplanned Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Illness

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Unwanted and Unplanned Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Illness (STI) Teen Pregnancy The birth rate among teens in the United States has declined 9% from 2009 to 2010, a historic low among all racial and ethnic groups, with the least being born in 2010; and in 2011 the number of babies born to adolescents aged 15-19 years of age was 329,797 (“Birth Rates for U.S.”, 2012). Although the decline in unwanted and unplanned teen births is on the rise the United States continues to be among the highest of industrialized countries facing this problem. This is a prevailing social concern because of the health risks to these young mothers as well as their babies. Teens at higher risk of becoming pregnant are raised at or below the poverty…show more content…
145). Sexually Transmitted Illness Risky Sexual Behavior Risky sexual behavior not only results in teen pregnancy but also sexually transmitted illness (STI) (i.e., bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease ) presenting another social issue that has far reaching and grave adverse consequences for the teen, their families, their children and the overall public. Adolescent sexual health is a concern to educational specialists, organizations that are youth focused, local and national government agencies, members of the community, medical professionals, parents and caregivers. These groups and individuals collectively and separately work to create programs that will educate and provide support for this population, to prevent or decrease unplanned and unwanted teen pregnancy and STI’s while increasing safe sex practices and or promoting abstinence. Sexual activity among teens leads to high instances of STI’s, and adolescents ages 15-24 account for nearly half of the 20 million new cases of STI's each year; chlamydia and gonorrhea are the most commonly diagnosed among this age group (“Sexually Transmitted Diseases”, n.d.). STI’s are not obviously detectable making regular screenings critical and will result in the prevention of infertility and death. The high

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