Utility Ratios And Moral Decision

2318 Words10 Pages
Chapter 4: Utility ratios and moral decision Chapter 4 will analyse the effect of changing the number of people to be saved. It will be examined if reducing the number of people to be saved, from five down to two, has an effect on moral decision-making. The aim of this chapter is to see the effect of utility ratios on moral dilemma decision-making. It will be asked what will a lower utility mean in terms of sacrifice. It is expected for the purpose of this study that changes in the number of people to be saved can make a difference in moral decision-making. Studies have examined the issue with different numbers of people to be saved. There were also further analyses if it made a difference if the people to be saved were older or younger, or a relative or a friend. Moral values, rules, and virtues provide the framework for morally acceptable decisions, without necessarily saying how these decisions can be reached. Nevertheless, moral theories do assume that we are capable of making the right moral decisions. Thus, an empirical analysis of the methods and resources used for moral decision-making becomes important. Theoretical parallels of economic decision theory and moral utilitarianism suggest that moral decision-making can actually use mechanisms and processes that were originally developed for non-moral decision-making. For example, the computation of a reward value is done through the combination of probability and magnitude and similar computation may also be
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