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W. E. Du Bois, Max Weber, And Karl Marx

Decent Essays
Three of sociology’s most famous theorists, including W.E.B. Du Bois, Max Weber, and Karl Marx, pay due attention to the discussion of inequality within the context of race and class. Marx is focused on the role of the state and capital in generation of different forms of inequality. Marx believes that social inequality is caused by the dominant role of the elite class over the working class. This fact means that the proper strategies aimed at protection of a better life for the majority of people should be based on inevitable confrontations with a large number of social institutions. According to Marx, “the more productive capital grows, the more the division of labor and the application of machinery expands” (p. 65). The theorist believes that social change is driven by class conflict, which is connected with the division of labor. The exploiting and exploited classes are involved in this conflict. W.E.B. Du Bois is interested in the study of numerous stereotypes about African Americans, as well as racist assumptions, to assess their impact on inequality. He emphasizes the significance of grasping the socially constructed nature of race relations in the U.S. society. Du Bois (2009) states that “America is not a successful democracy” because of racism that still exists in the U.S. society (p. 125). Max Weber, a contemporary to Du Bois, investigates the various consequences and possible implications of bureaucracy, which is one of the major organizational forms of modern
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