Welfare-Friendly Practices in Farming

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Siegford et al. (2008) write about the need for farmers to introduce up-to-date improved livestock practices into their farming. Livestock and poultry producers face a tremendous amount of pressure from the public to introduce environmental standards and welfare-friendly practices into their farming. Farmers, in response, often go beyond the demands and expectations in order to meet consumer's requests. However, Siegford et al (2008)show through various examples that animal welfare and environmental stewardship may be projects that have opposite objectives. One example is the high fiber diets of pasture-based dairy and beef cattle that although profiting the cattle only produce higher methane emissions. Lower emissions would be produced by a different kind of diet, namely by .. but this would not be good for the animal. In some parts of the world too, grazing is liberally allowed for animals and, in fact, is the accepted practice. Unfortunately, grazing spreads nitrate cotnaitmntion of land and land water. Thirdly, unconfined animal production iincreases land emission particularity since excreta is left unchecked. There is less opportunity to trap and treat the emissions since there is greater space for the animals. With these and other examples, Siegford et al. (2008) show how, although consumers demand coupling of environmental concern with excellent animal husbandry and practices of animal welfare, the objective of both can conflict one with the other. Even feeding
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