Who is Rene Descartes?

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“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite (Nelson Mandela)” One of the early modern fathers of philosophy, Rene Descartes, stressed the importance of attaining knowledge through reason (rational thought). Descartes’ times were those of an Enlightenment movement that flourished through Europe in the seventeenth century. Revolutions in France and the United States, which transformed through this movement, altered the way sciences and mathematics were approached. This affected how even philosophy was scrutinized. Rene was an individual of his times. He argued that one couldn’t rely on data derived from sense perceptions. This is since this information cannot be used to infer truths. We must doubt everything. Any belief, believe in doubt. Descartes argues that we are in a “systematic deception”. Furthermore, to be certain means to be without complete doubt. We can doubt everything except existence. “I doubt, therefore I am; I think, therefore I am”. The existence of the mind cannot be doubted, however the existence of the mind is eternal. When thinking is occurring there is a precise entity that is doing this thinking. No action can exist without an outside source. This implies that something or someone must do the thinking. It can be argued that when we doubt

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