Why the North Won the Civil War by David Donald: Reflection on the economic, military, diplomatic, political, and social reasons the South lost.

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Why the North Won the Civil War Historians have argued inconclusively for years over the prime reason for Confederate defeat in the Civil War. The book Why the North Won the Civil War outlines five of the most agreed upon causes of Southern defeat, each written by a highly esteemed American historian. The author of each essay does acknowledge and discuss the views of the other authors. However, each author also goes on to explain their botheration and disagreement with their opposition. The purpose of this essay is to summarize each of the five arguments presented by Richard N. Current, T. Harry Williams, Norman A. Graebner, David Herbert Donald, and David M. Potter. Each author gives his insight on one of the following five reasons:…show more content…
The British, followed by France, Spain, the Netherlands, and Brazil, issued a declaration of neutrality at the beginning of the war in order to prevent her involvement. This angered the North because by declaring neutrality, the British had recognized the South as a nation separate from the North. All the while, Seward had continued to sustain pressure among the foreign powers, making threats and promising wars. He scared away possible Southern allies by promising them war, and even threatened military action if they so much as spoke with Confederate leaders, officially or unofficially. The social aspect of Confederate defeat is discussed in David Herbert Donald 's essay "Died of Democracy". He begins by pointing out that the arguments presented in the aforementioned essays could be reversed and backed with valid arguments had the war resulted differently. Instead, he points to a problem that only troubled the South. This was the Southerners incompatibility with military discipline. Confederate soldiers often complained or even refused to carry out orders. They disobeyed their officers, and did not hesitate to desert their regiment if they felt it was necessary. Conversely, Northern forces did not have the same feelings of individuality that the South had. A large number of Union soldiers were either European immigrants or Negroes, both of which lacked feelings of
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