Yuma used a lot of water for their crops to grow healthy and good. The Colorado River Siphon was built in 1912. They transported water from all California to Arizona. They used a lot of technology. They had soil issues. The farmers spent $300,000 on equipment in two years. The would spend there money on different crops and techniques. The bridge that was completed in 1877 was 187 feet long. The sprinklers helped the seeds grow. They would germinate in heat. The land use to cost ten dollars an acre it would just depend on how close it was to the river and how much they wanted. Yuma’s important years were 1858 and 1859. They were important because they bought permanent presidents, a new streamer. And the discovery of gold on the Gila. On June 17, 1902 is when National Reclamation
If you see yuma right now you wouldn't tell that back when yuma became a town it flooded up most of the time and destroy everything in its way and it would be dangerous because it could kill people. The reason it would get flooded is back at that time they didn't have anything to control the water coming from the colorado river. The people that lived here notice that the soil in yuma is amazing and it would grow a lot of crops because of the water that would run through there when it would get flooded so they decide to build a dam that would help control the water so they would be able to grow crops and it was named the yuma project.
The yuma project was first authorized in May 10,1904 and was the first irrigation project in Yuma. Thanks to the Yuma project many farms got water and the farms were finally able to produce goods. Once the project was done many people found out that Yuma had water and it was able to be transported to the farms, the population started to increase, but it didn't only just increased, it also decreased by a little, but later on population started to expand once more. Developers also faced many challenges, it wasn't easy for the developers to assemble the project. Something that was also a bit of a problem to them was the cost of building, repairing, and paying the workers when the project was being generated. The challenges that they had to face were not that simple.
Yuma has came a very long way with irrigation. With Yuma being so dry and having sand it was easy to plant soil and make canals and dams. There has been major challenges, and many successful achievements for irrigation, with flooding, sediment removings, and building the canals.
Farmers had canals but unfortunately many of them would always flood. Floods consistent farming of the land. “They were always out there with dredges, trying to the slit out of the canals, but they couldn't keep up”. Said Carol Brooks, curator of the Arizona Historical Society-Yuma. Canals diggers tried to bring water to Yuma but they were not successful, so the Reclamation Act established the U.S Bureau Reclamation Services,which was later renamed as the U.S Bureau of Reclamation. The construction of the project began in 1903, one of the positive effect on this was that it brought water to Yuma for irrigation and stopped canals from flooding. Therefore irrigates did not have to worried about the canals been flooded. This project was really a benefit for them, it took away the stress about canals been flooded. The irrigators finally could work in peace with no worries since canals would not flood and they did not have to worry about the crops been ruin because of the floods going on. The purpose of building these project was to irrigate over thousands of acres land. These project was built in the Fort Yuma Military Reservation. The United State invested 66 million dollars in the Yuma
The reason why because not everything they did was successful. The dams would get destroyed every often and that was negative for Yuma County. So Yuma had to do was to fix them and had to build another dam that were powerful. When Yuma was forced on the Yuma Project. They had to fix the problem they had with Colorado River. Which they didn’t know about it. Later in life they found out about the crops in 1975 . The crops wasn’t complete to finish growing. So the income for the crop was $37million more than one half of the $66 million. “Although the 1975 crop census report is not completed, the income from crops produced in the project is estimated at $37million, more than one- half of the $66 million.”They had to fixed the problem for the project. In 1903, there was the Hoover dam which was not part of the Yuma project. The Hoover dam did help Yuma County by control the water. Yuma had a lot of floods in the past. That’s why it help Yuma County. Another thing that the Yuma project had a negative on Yuma Country was when in January 18, 1916. They had a really large flood this day. The flood came from the Gila River and then by January 22. The flood went over 800 feet. “A large flood hit Yuma project in
Along this journey created by nature, the river interacts with man’s influence to encapsulate the full geographic experience of this region. The succession of dams along the river’s path is a major contribution to how man has decided to mesh with the river. The dams have created reservoirs for water supplies, harnessed energy to provide electric power to the southwestern region, and controlled flooding. Flood control was the main concern at the time between the years 1905 and 1907 when large floods broke through the irrigation gates and destroyed crops in California. The flooding was so large it actually created a 450 square mile sea, named the Salton Sea. As a result of this major disaster, ideas were formulated to
The struggling citizens of the southwestern states survived the Great Depression in great part due to the construction and final completion of the Hoover Dam, an engineering marvel. Due to the fact that the Hoover Dam is located on the boarder of Nevada and Arizona, it is extremely hot there. During this time period, the citizens living in these dry climates pushed for an irrigation system that would benefit these desert surroundings with flooding protection and something to act as a utility to help provide power to the growing cities nearby. The best answer to this was the Hoover Dam, which is located on the Colorado River on the boarder of Nevada and Arizona. In only five years, the completion of the Hoover Dam was constructed from 1931 to 1936. The costly construction of the Hoover Dam was a successful project that was completed during the Great Depression which contributed to the benefit of political policies, economic situations, and environmental concerns.
The Colorado river provided the Southwestern states with the water source they needed to provide for the population, agriculture and energy. California has been seeing a population growth and that meant more water they needed from the Colorado River. The Colorado Basin states feared California would establish priority rights to Colorado River water (Gelt, 1997). Delph Carpenter, a Colorado attorney, suggested a compact to determine each state’s individual rights to the Colorado River, before the Federal government intervenes, therefore each state agreed of an interstate compact to share the water. The boulder project, or what is known the Hoover Dam, was a major advantage to California, which gave them more access to the water supply. Arizona, however was at a disadvantage, especially for the southern-central population. Arizona Central Arizona Project was to solved the water scarcity and the project was started, when Arizona asked the U.S. Supreme Court for a judicial apportionment (Gelt, 1997). After eleven year
The Yuma Territorial Prison changed Yuma’s economy in many ways. Many years after the Prison was closed, this place turned into a Historic Park(Arizona State Parks Foundation.com). This is significant to Yuma because with this park more tourists get attracted and spend
The focus of chapter three was about the federal irrigation systems, which was caused by weather events. The year of 1880’s, South Dakota and nearby states survived a natural disaster. South Dakota was hit by a blizzard and in the result of that suffer from a drought right after. This is when people began to search for new homes and a place that had water and a fertile land. The drought affected most the farmers that lived in that area due to the inexperienced with irrigation. The drought helped irrigation companies start businesses to better the farming industry. Unfortunately, most of the businesses failed and shut down very quick. The state of California initialed an attempt to create a plan to conserve and ration out water. The outcome
The Central Valley Project was a tremendous government project to irrigate the Central Valley, a 450 mile stretch of fertile land that has become very important to agriculture. This valley could not have been able to grow the 230 different types of produce it does today without the Central Valley Project. The government decided to construct a system to irrigate the valley. The author writes that the Central Valley was very dry and considered a desert in 1933. So, the government began a series of construction projects to build aqueducts, canals, and pump plants. The text states that the government directed water from the Colorado River to the valley. Due to this, the Central Valley can cultivate 230 kinds of crops as the center of American
During the 1900’s the city of Los Angeles and its surroundings were growing at a fast rate. As an effect, the demand for basic needs developed day by day; more specifically, water demand. The just appointed Los Angeles Bureau of Water Works and Supply, Fred Eaton suggested to build a new aqueduct from Owens Valley to 250 miles south that could store water supply for at least two years. His first step was to hire self-taught engineer, William Mullholland, who seemed to had knowledge about the un-researched area where the aqueduct would be built. After analyzing different options, Mulholland decided to build the dam in San Francisquito. However, Mulholland’s lack of education seemed to worry expert engineers. Therefore, a board named “Aqueduct
Back in the day, there was a delivery system which delivered mail and supplies but it didn’t happen in a huge UPS truck, it happened on horseback. This system was know as the Yam,it existed around the 1200’s. The Yam was used by the Mongols and Genghis Khan was the person to set up this postal service in Asia and Europe. It was based on a relay system that went from one rider to another. Each relay station was every 20 to 30 miles then the rider would switch horse. As the system grew, it caused the empire to do this as well. As communication grew, they incorporated more than 12 million square feet of land. There was more than 1,400 postal stations in China alone. They were able to use 50,000 horses, 1,400 oxen, 6,700 mules, 400 carts,