8) Kargil is suffering from an obstruction of his colon. He notices that his urine color is dark yellow. He wonders why and asks you to explain, what is your answer?
• I would tell Kargil that the darker color of his urine is due to probably increased mounts of pigment urobilin, which give urine its normal yellow color. Urobilin is derived from urobilinogen, which is formed in the large intestines by the action of the intestinal bacteria on the bile pigments. In an intestine obstruction, the bile pigments cannot be eliminated by their normal route, so a larger than normal amount diffuses into the blood where it is eliminated by the kidneys.
9) Tommy shows you a recent blood test report in which normal levels LDL and triglyceride are…show more content… Quiz 4
1) Graves Disease:
• Graves ' disease is an immune system disorder that results in the overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). The thyroid gland is an important organ of the endocrine system. The gland is located at the front of the neck above where the collarbones meet. This gland releases the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which control body metabolism. Controlling metabolism is important for regulating mood, weight, and mental and physical energy levels. When the body makes too much thyroid hormone, the condition is called hyperthyroidism. Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is most common in women over age 20. But the disorder can occur at any age and can affect men as well. Some of the symptoms of Graves diseases are
✓ Anxiety or nervousness, as well as problems sleeping
✓ Breast enlargement in men (possible)
✓ Problems concentrating
✓ Is a condition resulting from advanced hypothyroidism, or deficiency of thyroxine. It is the adult form of the disease whose congenital form is known as cretinism. Myxedema may be caused by lack of iodine in the diet; by atrophy, surgical removal, or a disorder of the thyroid gland; by destruction of the gland by radioactive iodine; or by deficient excretion of thyrotropin by the pituitary gland. It is marked