There are myriad examples in academic history that one could identify that not only tarnished the reputations of the culprits but also sullied the reputation of the institution as to where they were a part of. Furthermore, there are many different types of academic violations: cheating, plagiarism, fabrication, etc. These distinct infractions have greater effects on the represented institution economically, socially, and holistically than those imposed on the offenders themselves. In order to truly understand the wide gamut of such effects, this paper will focus on three case studies that cover the two most popular choices of academic dishonesty: cheating and plagiarism. The first case study is concerning the infamous Harvard cheating scandal in 2012, in which around 125 students were investigated for cheating on a final examination. The second regards another large-scale incident of 28 high school sophomores in a Piper, Kansas. These students plagiarized from the Internet on a botany project. The third actually holds not the student, but the teacher at fault for changing answers to standardized tests. This last area of teachers kindling the cheating process actually will involve three different schools with similar incidents. Nevertheless, it is more appropriate to focus on the effects of cheating in a more traditional setting, that being the Harvard case.
Plagiarism is a growing and ongoing issue, not just in the United States, but throughout the entire world as well. However, many students inof higher education do not see it as such a big problem and most of the time do not realize they are plagiarizing. Plagiarism, in most universities can lead to serious consequences including expulsion from the institution. In the popular article, “The Plagiarism Plague,” Raymond Schroth discusses a case where he caught a student, who was one of the better ones, plagiarizing. He also discusses the China syndrome which is when foreign Chinese students are sent to attend universities in the United States and have Chinese agencies write their admissions essay and put together their applications. In addition these agencies falsify letterheads and create
If an assignment is due in an hour, would a student copy an already created work or use their own creativity to produce a composition? The most expedient choice would be to copy and, not credit the source in order to complete the assignment on time. Acts of academic dishonesty such as copying is growing among today 's student. Plagiarism, the most common form of academic dishonesty, is going “viral” as students misinterpret or disregard the essence of what plagiarism is. Such actions may appear to be efficient, but it isn 't worth punishment.
What is plagiarism? According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, plagiarism is the act of literary theft that consists of stealing another one’s idea or work and crediting it as your own. People may think it is easy to get away with plagiarism, but the price to be paid for plagiarizing cannot only affect people’s academic lives, but it can also bleed into their careers as well as legal matters.
Plagiarism has always been a problem in several academic institutions. Also, plagiarism has promoted academic dishonesty and unethical behavior to students in the past years. It is therefore a shared responsibility of instructors, schools and even the students to eliminate this practice and continually strengthen the standards of education.
In today’s world, plagiarism has become a common problem within our education, from junior high students who copy last minute homeworks, to prestigious Harvard undergrads working toward their degrees. But what exactly is Plagiarism? Richard Posner, a former judge to the court of appeals, defines it as “unacknowledged copying, whether of copyrighted or uncopyrighted work” Plagiarism affects student bodies in their entirety. However, why do students feel the need to cheat? A major influence that makes students more prone to cheating is the rigorous school work, and lack of student-teacher connection in Universities. This problem of plagiarism that has surfaced in today's world is due to the lack of attention within educational administrators. College administrators must strengthen the student-teacher relationships and apply the curriculum to the needs of each specific student in order to maintain academic integrity within the student body.
Plagiarism is not just limited to taking information from resources without citations. According to Theresa Ireton, an assistant professor of writing in Centralia College, Washington, there are also subcategories of plagiarism in writing, such as plagiarism of structure, authorship, and plagiarism of self . It is considered a plagiarism of structure when an imitator is paraphrasing by having different word choices than the original content. Plagiarism of authorship constitutes buying and turning in duplicate copy of another person’s work without any modifications whatsoever. Plagiarism of self is when an individual tries to utilize previously completed work as a resubmission for a different assignment. Even though the previous assignment is fully original content from an individual, it still constitutes as cheating due to an unfair advantage.
Plagiarism extends beyond just the academic realm. There have been many instances, in professional fields, of integrity violations in written works. One example of this is Jayson Blair, formerly of the New York Times. After his news agency found that he had plagiarized an article. The article, which was written about a Soldier who was killed in combat, and his family, was found to be plagiarized from the San Antonio Express. (Belt, 2004). This was not the only story that Blair copied, embellished, or synthesized. There were, in fact, dozens of questionable articles written by Blair during his tenure with the news agency. Because his supervisors were not communicating effectively, and no major complaints were registered, Blair was able
In this article that I found it discusses plagiarism, on where it originated from, It also is where it gets its name from and what it exactly means. To me this article was important to my worksheet paper. It explains the importance of not plagiarizing and it also goes over the different ways of avoiding plagiarism.
Whether one is paraphrasing, summarizing or quoting another’s work, proper in text and reference citation is needed. Taking a section of another source’s work and rewriting it into your own words is paraphrasing. Summarizing on the other hand, is presenting your own take on another source’s material, generally condensing the full material into the principle point (Driscoll & Brizee, 2013). Quoting a source, however, is writing someone else’s material using their exact words in quotations. Plagiarism.org (n.d.) recommends to “quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make”.
The Plagiarization of work is so common in everyday work with the advancement of technology and how easily accessible information is. What’s tough is to detect whether the author of the work is intentionally or unintentionally trying to deceive a reader or greater audience.
Mac, R. (2010, February 11). 9 Counties, 8 Bridges, 7 Million People Search Bay Area SEARCH The Temptation to Cheat in Computer Science Classes at Stanford. New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2016, from http://bayarea.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/02/11/heading-off-the-temptation-to-cheat-in-computer-science-classes-at-stanford/?hp&_r=0
The UMUC plagiarism policy, part of the Academic Integrity, should be the first thing every college student get familiar with. Ever discovered case will be investigated and might result in serious repercussions. The student might be even removed from the class. Plagiarism can appear in many, different forms, but it can be mainly categorized into the intentional and unintentional. Intentional plagiarism is when the person presents their work, while knowing that it doesn't consist of their own, original idea. In other words, its deliberately stealing someone else work. The unintentional plagiarism can be just as harmful. It happens when the person fails or forgets to cite their source, put the quotation marks on the quote they used or even
Everything starts with suspicion. A teacher, teaching assistant or professor discovers similarities thanks to a plagiarism report, and this is the beginning. After similarities are detected, evidence is passed to an academic integrity committee.
How do professors know when students plagiarize? One big give away is when poor or mediocre writing gives way to extremely sophisticated writing. It is clear that the same person did not author both. Another obvious clue to an instructor that a paper has been plagiarized through extensive copy and pasting is randomly formatted text perhaps still including blue hyperlinks and/or random text unrelated to the paper topic.