A Brief Note On The Treatment Of Nepal

1432 WordsJan 18, 20166 Pages
Water treatment in Nepal Introduction Kingdom of Nepal is a landlocked country in south Asia with a diverse landscape ranging from the low-lying Terai plains up to Mount Everest in the Himalayas. As of 1st January 2016, the population of Nepal was estimated to be almost 30 million. Many rural communities live in remote areas; far from water sources while in urban areas, the growing population caused in part by people moving because of the decade long internal conflict in the country, is putting increasing strain on limited water and sanitation supplies. Life expectancy is 68 years. Only 31% of Nepalese people have access to sanitation. Open defecation is common and a key cause of disease. Approximately a third of all deaths in Nepal are of children under 5 and half of these are due to diarrheal diseases. While 88% of people have access to safe water, the supply is often polluted and in some areas contaminated by natural occurring arsenic and iron. (WaterAid, 2015) Water is one of the basic human necessities but a large proportion of the Nepalese population is devoid of access to safe drinking water. According to the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage on Nepal, even though an estimated 80% of the total population has access to drinking water, and many people in remote areas have to rely on small brooks running from the mountains and spend hours travelling to get water. Still most drinking water supplied in Nepal is not fit for consumption. One of the reasons for this is
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